Tyrrel History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
Tyrrel is a name whose history is entwined with the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. It was a name for a stubborn or obstinate person. The surname Tyrrel is derived from the Old French word tirer, which means to draw. This is used in the same sense as the word tirand, which means "one who pulls on the reins;" thus it may be that it was used as a nickname for a stubborn person, before coming to be used as a hereditary surname.
Early Origins of the Tyrrel family
The surname Tyrrel was first found in Essex where one of the first records of the name is Walter Tirel III, (1065-c. 1100), Castellan of Pontoise and Lord of Poix, son of Walter Tirell II. 
He is remembered for his involvement in the death of King William II (William Rufus) on a hunting trip in the New Forest on August 2nd, 1100. Some say it was an accident when Walter shot an arrow at a stag which glanced from the beast and struck King William II, while others disagree. 
However, accordingly to chroniclers of the time, they parted at the beginning of the hunt on good terms, but the king was later found with one of the arrows given to Walter by the king in his chest. There is a stone in the Forest at Stoney Cross marking the spot where the King fell. 
Walter's grandson Hugh Tyrrel (died 1199) took part in the Norman Conquest of Ireland where he became the first Baron of Castleknock and later took part in the Third Crusade.
Another distinct branch of the family was found at Gipping in Suffolk. "This place, which takes its name from the small river Gipping, is the property of C. Tyrell, Esq., whose ancestor, Sir Walter Tyrell, Knt., held the lordship at the time of the Domesday survey." 
Early History of the Tyrrel family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tyrrel research. Another 140 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1423, 1412, 1450, 1502, 1502, 1597, 1676, 1661, 1676, 1617, 1701, 1643, 1718, 1642, 1718, 1623, 1676 and 1370 are included under the topic Early Tyrrel History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Tyrrel Spelling Variations
Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Tyrrel were recorded, including Tyrell, Terrell, Terrill, Tyrill, Turrell, Tirell, Tyrrell and many more.
Early Notables of the Tyrrel family (pre 1700)
Notables of this surname at this time include: Sir James Tyrrell (c.1450-1502), an English knight, a trusted servant of King Richard III of England; he confessed to the murders of King Edward V of England and his brother Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York and was beheaded at Tower Hill in 1502; Sir Peter Tyrell; Sir John Tyrell (1597-1676), an...
Another 61 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tyrrel Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Tyrrel family to Ireland
Some of the Tyrrel family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 78 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
| Tyrrel migration to the United States ||+|
To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Tyrrel family emigrate to North America:
Tyrrel Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- William Tyrrel, who settled in New York, NY in 1853
- James Tyrrel, who arrived at New York, NY in 1869
|Contemporary Notables of the name Tyrrel (post 1700) ||+|
- Edward Tyrrel Channing (1790-1856), American professor at Harvard College, brother of William Ellery Channing
- The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
- Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
- Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
- Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.