Show ContentsTyrer History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Tyrer is a name of Anglo-Saxon origin. It was a name given to a stubborn or obstinate person. The surname Tyrer is derived from the Old French word tirer, which means to draw. This is used in the same sense as the word tirand, which means "one who pulls on the reins;" thus it may be that it was used as a nickname for a stubborn person, before coming to be used as a hereditary surname.

Early Origins of the Tyrer family

The surname Tyrer was first found in Essex where one of the first records of the name is Walter Tirel III, (1065-c. 1100), Castellan of Pontoise and Lord of Poix, son of Walter Tirell II. [1]

He is remembered for his involvement in the death of King William II (William Rufus) on a hunting trip in the New Forest on August 2nd, 1100. Some say it was an accident when Walter shot an arrow at a stag which glanced from the beast and struck King William II, while others disagree. [2]

However, accordingly to chroniclers of the time, they parted at the beginning of the hunt on good terms, but the king was later found with one of the arrows given to Walter by the king in his chest. There is a stone in the Forest at Stoney Cross marking the spot where the King fell. [3]

Walter's grandson Hugh Tyrrel (died 1199) took part in the Norman Conquest of Ireland where he became the first Baron of Castleknock and later took part in the Third Crusade.

Another distinct branch of the family was found at Gipping in Suffolk. "This place, which takes its name from the small river Gipping, is the property of C. Tyrell, Esq., whose ancestor, Sir Walter Tyrell, Knt., held the lordship at the time of the Domesday survey." [4]

Early History of the Tyrer family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tyrer research. Another 140 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1370, 1412, 1423, 1450, 1502, 1597, 1617, 1623, 1642, 1643, 1661, 1676, 1701 and 1718 are included under the topic Early Tyrer History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Tyrer Spelling Variations

Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Tyrer were recorded, including Tyrell, Terrell, Terrill, Tyrill, Turrell, Tirell, Tyrrell and many more.

Early Notables of the Tyrer family

Notables of this surname at this time include: Sir James Tyrrell (c.1450-1502), an English knight, a trusted servant of King Richard III of England; he confessed to the murders of King Edward V of England and his brother Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York and was beheaded at Tower Hill in 1502; Sir Peter Tyrell; Sir John Tyrell (1597-1676), an...
Another 61 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tyrer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Tyrer family to Ireland

Some of the Tyrer family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 78 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

United States Tyrer migration to the United States +

To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Tyrer family emigrate to North America:

Tyrer Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • James Tyrer, aged 35, who immigrated to America, in 1895
  • Thomas Tyrer, aged 19, who immigrated to the United States from Liverpool, in 1896
Tyrer Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Thomas Tyrer, aged 62, who landed in America from London, in 1904
  • Mary Tyrer, aged 64, who immigrated to the United States from London, in 1904
  • Jane Tyrer, aged 57, who immigrated to the United States from London, in 1904
  • Charles Taylor Tyrer, aged 48, who settled in America from Liverpool, in 1904
  • Bartholomew Tyrer, aged 30, who immigrated to the United States from Liverpool, England, in 1907
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Tyrer migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Tyrer Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
  • David John Stewart Tyrer, aged 42, who settled in Montreal, Canada, in 1923

Australia Tyrer migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Tyrer Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. James Tyrer, English convict who was convicted in Liverpool, Lancashire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Bengal Merchant" on 13th March 1828, arriving in Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land) [5]
  • Ellen Tyrer, aged 23, a cook, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Warren Hastings"
  • Rebecca Tyrer, aged 20, a cook, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Warren Hastings"

Contemporary Notables of the name Tyrer (post 1700) +

  • James Efflo Tyrer (1939-1980), American AFL football offensive tackle
  • Arthur Spencer Tyrer (b. 1931), English former professional footballer
  • Anderson Tyrer (1893-1962), English concert pianist
  • Stephen Tyrer (b. 1989), English rugby league footballer

Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. Douglas Wylie  Tyrer (1890-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion (1917) [6]

  1. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  2. Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
  3. Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  4. Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  5. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 7th October 2020). Retrieved from
  6. Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from on Facebook