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An excerpt from archives copyright © 2000 - 2016

Tyrer is a name of Anglo-Saxon origin. It was a name given to a stubborn or obstinate person. The surname Tyrer is derived from the Old French word tirer, which means to draw. This is used in the same sense as the word tirand, which means "one who pulls on the reins;" thus it may be that it was used as a nickname for a stubborn person, before coming to be used as a hereditary surname.


Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Tyrer were recorded, including Tyrell, Terrell, Terrill, Tyrill, Turrell, Tirell, Tyrrell and many more.

First found in Essex where one of the first records of the name is Walter Tirel III, (1065-c. 1100), Castellan of Pontoise and Lord of Poix, son of Walter Tirell II. [1] He is remembered for his involvement in the death of King William II (William Rufus) on a hunting trip in the New Forest on August 2nd, 1100. Some say it was an accident when Walter shot an arrow at a stag which glanced from the beast and struck King William II, while others disagree. However, accordingly to chroniclers of the time, they parted at the beginning of the hunt on good terms, but the king was later found with one of the arrows given to Walter by the king in his chest. There is a stone in the Forest at Stoney Cross marking the spot where the King fell. Walter's grandson Hugh Tyrrel (died 1199) took part in the Norman Conquest of Ireland where he became the first Baron of Castleknock and later took part in the Third Crusade. Another distinct branch of the family was found at Gipping in Suffolk. "This place, which takes its name from the small river Gipping, is the property of C. Tyrell, Esq., whose ancestor, Sir Walter Tyrell, Knt., held the lordship at the time of the Domesday survey." [2]


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tyrer research. Another 251 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1423, 1450, 1502, 1502, 1597, 1676, 1661, 1676, 1617, 1701, 1643, 1718, 1642, 1718, 1623 and 1676 are included under the topic Early Tyrer History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 229 words (16 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tyrer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Tyrer family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 65 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Tyrer family emigrate to North America:

Tyrer Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • James Tyrer, aged 35, who emigrated to America, in 1895
  • Thomas Tyrer, aged 19, who emigrated to the United States from Liverpool, in 1896

Tyrer Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Thomas Tyrer, aged 62, who landed in America from London, in 1904
  • Mary Tyrer, aged 64, who emigrated to the United States from London, in 1904
  • Jane Tyrer, aged 57, who emigrated to the United States from London, in 1904
  • Charles Taylor Tyrer, aged 48, who settled in America from Liverpool, in 1904
  • Bartholomew Tyrer, aged 30, who emigrated to the United States from Liverpool, England, in 1907

Tyrer Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century

  • David John Stewart Tyrer, aged 42, who settled in Montreal, Canada, in 1923

Tyrer Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Ellen Tyrer, aged 23, a cook, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Warren Hastings"
  • Rebecca Tyrer, aged 20, a cook, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Warren Hastings"


  • James Efflo Tyrer (1939-1980), American AFL football offensive tackle
  • Arthur Spencer Tyrer (b. 1931), English former professional footballer
  • Anderson Tyrer (1893-1962), English concert pianist
  • Stephen Tyrer (b. 1989), English rugby league footballer
  • Mr. Douglas Wylie  Tyrer (1890-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917


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  1. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Other References

  1. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  2. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  3. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  4. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  5. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  7. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  8. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  9. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  10. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  11. ...

The Tyrer Family Crest was acquired from the archives. The Tyrer Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 19 April 2016 at 10:56.

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