The Norman Conquest
in 1066 added many new elements to an already vibrant culture. Among these were thousands of new names. The Tuk family lived in Kent
. Their name, however, is a reference to Touques, Normandy
, the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest
Early Origins of the Tuk family
The surname Tuk was first found in Kent
where they held a family seat
from early times after the Norman Conquest
in 1066. They were descended from Le Sire de Touques from Pont-le-Eveque where the castle stood. Wace, the historian, mentions the Baron
Touque as amongst the Companions of Duke William, at Hastings in 1066. The ancient family of Touque of Godington of Kent
claim descent from this Norman Lord. We would be remiss if we did not address the legendary Friar Tuck. Two royal writs in 1417 refer to Robert Stafford, a Sussex
chaplain who had assumed the alias of Frere Tuk. Little more is known about him other than this "Friar Tuck" was still at large in 1429.
Early History of the Tuk family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tuk research.Another 173 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1130, 1175, 1580, 1657, 1615, 1674, 1663, 1673, 1732 and 1698 are included under the topic Early Tuk History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Tuk Spelling Variations
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Tooke, Tocque, Took, Touque, Tuck and others.
Early Notables of the Tuk family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Thomas Tuke (c.1580-1657), an English clergyman and controversial writer, of royalist views in later life; Sir Samuel Tuke (c.1615-1674), 1st Baronet
, English officer in the Royalist army during the English Civil War and a notable playwright, best known... Another 45 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tuk Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Tuk family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Tuk or a variant listed above: James Tooke settled in Virginia in 1623; another James Tooke settled in Virginia in 1637; Ann Took settled in Dominica in 1774.
The Tuk Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Militia mea multiplex
Motto Translation: My warfare is manifold.