The first people to use the distinguished Trench family name were found in Northumberland
, after arriving from La Tranche,
a town in the province of Poitou, France. This family was a Huguenot family, and they came to England
to escape religious persecution. Protestant England
offered them a home which was more tolerant of religious differences.
Early Origins of the Trench family
The surname Trench was first found in Northumberland
where they were granted lands. This family was originally from La Tranche, a town in Poitou, which was in possession of the family from very early times. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Frederick de la Tranche or Trenche sought refuge after the massacre of St. Bartholomew, and came to England
Early History of the Trench family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Trench research.Another 83 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1803, 1681, 1752, 1715, 1752 and 1703 are included under the topic Early Trench History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Trench Spelling Variations
Huguenot surnames were only slightly Anglicized, and they remain to this day a distinct group of surnames in England
. Nevertheless, Huguenot surnames have been subject to numerous spelling alterations since the names emerged in France. French surnames have a variety of spelling variations
because the French language has changed drastically over the centuries. French was developed from the vernacular Latin of the Roman Empire
. It is divided into three historic and linguistic periods: Old French, which developed before the 14th century; Middle French, which was used between the 14th and 16th centuries; and Modern French, which was used after the 16th century and continues to be in use today. In all of these periods, the French language was heavily influenced by other languages. For example, Old French was infused with Germanic words and sounds when the barbarian tribes invaded and settled in France after the fall of the Roman Empire. Middle French also borrowed heaviliy from the Italian language during the Renaissance
. Huguenot names have numerous variations. The name may be spelled Tranch, Tranche, Trench, Trenche and others.
Early Notables of the Trench family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Trench Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Trench family to Ireland
Some of the Trench family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 237 words (17 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Trench family to the New World and Oceana
Discovered in the immigration and passenger lists were a number of people bearing the name Trench:
Trench Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Joseph Trench who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1819
- Philip Trench, aged 27, who landed in New York, NY in 1840 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- H. M. Trench, aged 29, who arrived in America from Dublin, in 1894
- Wm. Lee P. Trench, aged 28, who arrived in America, in 1894
Trench Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Sydney Trench, aged 37, who arrived in America from London, England, in 1904
- Jan A. Trench, aged 42, who arrived in America from Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1906
- Charles Stewart Trench, aged 54, who arrived in America from London, England, in 1907
- Alfred S. Trench, aged 21, who arrived in America from Camberley, England, in 1909
- Yvonne Olga Trench, aged 22, who arrived in America from Paris, France, in 1909
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Contemporary Notables of the name Trench (post 1700)
- Joseph Trench (1815-1879), American architect, founder of Trench & Company, known for his designs of The Odd Fellows Hall in Manhattan and the A. T. Stewart Store
- Francis Chenevix Trench (1805-1886), English divine and author
- William Power Keating Trench (1741-1805), 1st Earl of Clancarty, an Irish aristocrat and politician
- Richard Le Poer Trench GCB, GCH, PC (1767-1837), 2nd Earl of Clancarty, 1st Marquess of Heusden, an Irish peer, a nobleman in the Dutch nobility
- Richard Trench (1710-1768), Irish politician and the ancestor of the Earls of Clancarty, Member of Parliament for Banagher (1735-1761) and for Galway County (1761-1768)
- Frederic Herbert Trench (1865-1923), Irish poet
- Melesina Trench (1768-1827), Irish writer, poet and diarist whose works were published posthumously by her son Richard Chenevix Trench
- Sir David Clive Crosbie Trench GCMG MC DL (1915-1988), British Army officer and colonial governor, 24th Governor of Hong Kong (1964-1971)
- Richard Chenevix Trench (1807-1886), Irish prelate, Archbishop of Ireland, younger brother of Francis Trench
Historic Events for the Trench family
- Mr. Robert Trench, British stationed aboard the SS Calonne from who died in the explosion CITATION[CLOSE]
Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
The Trench Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Virtutis fortuna comes
Motto Translation: Fortune is the companion of valour.