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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


Cornwall in southwestern England provides the original birthplace of the surname Tremayne. As populations grew, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic names, the Cornish predominantly used local surnames. This was due to the heavy political and cultural influence of the English upon the Cornish People at the time that surnames first came into use. Local surnames were derived from where a person lived, held land, or was born. While many Cornish surnames of this sort appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames derived from lost or unrecorded place names. The name Tremayne history began in Cornwall, at the manor of Tremayne, in the Parish of St. Martin. It comes from the Cornish words "tre," meaning settlement and "men," meaning stone. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)


Tremayne Early Origins



The surname Tremayne was first found in Cornwall at Tremaine (Tremayne) which dates back to c. 1230, when it was listed at that time with its Cornish spelling of Treman. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
The family originally held the manor of Tremayne in the Parish of St. Martin on the banks of Helford-Haven. Today, Tremayne is a hamlet in the parish of St Martin in Meneage. The first ancestor of the family was Perys de Tremayne of Tremayne who lived in the reign of Edward III and assumed the local name. [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
[3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.

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Tremayne Spelling Variations


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Tremayne Spelling Variations



Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Tremayne, Tremain, Tremayn, Tremaine and others.

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Tremayne Early History


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Tremayne Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tremayne research. Another 351 words (25 lines of text) covering the years 1485, 1603, 1659, 1692, 1647, 1694, 1485, 1487 and 1745 are included under the topic Early Tremayne History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Tremayne Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Tremayne Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tremayne Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



A search of the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Tremayne:

Tremayne Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Mary Tremayne, who settled in Barbados in 1665

Tremayne Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • John Tremayne, who arrived in America in 1810

Tremayne Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • William Tremayne, aged 23, arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Accrington" in 1863
  • Anna Tremayne, aged 24, arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Accrington" in 1863
  • Caroline Tremayne, aged 20, a servant, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Caroline" in 1876

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Contemporary Notables of the name Tremayne (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Tremayne (post 1700)



  • The Reverend Henry Hawkins Tremayne (1741-1829), English clergyman and owner of the Heligan estate
  • John Tremayne (1825-1901), Cornwall and Devon MP, High Sheriff of Cornwall in 1859
  • John Hearle Tremayne (1780-1851), Cornish MP and High Sheriff of Cornwall in 1831
  • Arthur Tremayne (1827-1905), Crimean War soldier and Cornish MP, recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Peter Tremayne (b. 1943), pseudonym of Peter Berresford Ellis, a British biographer, historian, and novelist
  • Kate Tremayne, British novelist, known for her Loveday series of fictional novels, set in 18th century rural England during the time of the French Revolution
  • David Tremayne, British motor racing journalist who has written extensively about the Land Speed Record and is the Formula One correspondent for The Independent, one of the founding partners of GrandPrix+, 1990, 2001 and 2004 winner of the Guild of Motoring Writers Journalist of the Year Award
  • Air Marshall Sir John Tremayne Babington KCB, CBE, DSO, RAF (1891-1979), later known as Sir John Tremayne Tremayne, British senior commander in the Royal Air Force

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Tremayne Family Crest Products


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Tremayne Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
  3. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.

Other References

  1. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  2. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  3. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  4. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  5. Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  7. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  8. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  9. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  10. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  11. ...

The Tremayne Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Tremayne Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 10 May 2016 at 15:15.

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