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Tremayne History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms



Cornwall in southwestern England provides the original birthplace of the surname Tremayne. As populations grew, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic names, the Cornish predominantly used local surnames. This was due to the heavy political and cultural influence of the English upon the Cornish People at the time that surnames first came into use. Local surnames were derived from where a person lived, held land, or was born. While many Cornish surnames of this sort appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames derived from lost or unrecorded place names. The name Tremayne history began in Cornwall, at the manor of Tremayne, in the Parish of St. Martin. It comes from the Cornish words "tre," meaning settlement and "men," meaning stone. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)


Early Origins of the Tremayne family


The surname Tremayne was first found in Cornwall at Tremaine (Tremayne) which dates back to c. 1230, when it was listed at that time with its Cornish spelling of Treman. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
The family originally held the manor of Tremayne in the Parish of St. Martin on the banks of Helford-Haven. Today, Tremayne is a hamlet in the parish of St Martin in Meneage. The first ancestor of the family was Perys de Tremayne of Tremayne who lived in the reign of Edward III and assumed the local name. [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
[3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.

Early History of the Tremayne family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tremayne research.
Another 176 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1485, 1603, 1659, 1692, 1647, 1694, 1485, 1487 and 1745 are included under the topic Early Tremayne History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Tremayne Spelling Variations


Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Tremayne, Tremain, Tremayn, Tremaine and others.

Early Notables of the Tremayne family (pre 1700)


Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tremayne Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Tremayne family to the New World and Oceana


A search of the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Tremayne:

Tremayne Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Mary Tremayne, who settled in Barbados in 1665

Tremayne Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • John Tremayne, who arrived in America in 1810 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Tremayne Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Mr. Arthur Tremayne, (b. 1808), aged 41, Cornish farm labourer travelling aboard the ship "Lysander" arriving in Port Phillip, New South Wales, Australia on 13th January 1849 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, May 30). Ships' Passenger Lists of Arrivals in New South Wales on (1828 - 1842, 1848 - 1849) [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nsw_1838_on.pdf
  • Mrs. Mary Tremayne, (b. 1809), aged 40, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "Lysander" arriving in Port Phillip, New South Wales, Australia on 13th January 1849 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, May 30). Ships' Passenger Lists of Arrivals in New South Wales on (1828 - 1842, 1848 - 1849) [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nsw_1838_on.pdf
  • Miss Mary Ann Tremayne, (b. 1827), aged 22, Cornish farm servant travelling aboard the ship "Lysander" arriving in Port Phillip, New South Wales, Australia on 13th January 1849 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, May 30). Ships' Passenger Lists of Arrivals in New South Wales on (1828 - 1842, 1848 - 1849) [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nsw_1838_on.pdf
  • Mr. James Tremayne, (b. 1829), aged 20, Cornish farm labourer travelling aboard the ship "Lysander" arriving in Port Phillip, New South Wales, Australia on 13th January 1849 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, May 30). Ships' Passenger Lists of Arrivals in New South Wales on (1828 - 1842, 1848 - 1849) [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nsw_1838_on.pdf
  • Mr. William Tremayne, (b. 1833), aged 16, Cornish farm labourer travelling aboard the ship "Lysander" arriving in Port Phillip, New South Wales, Australia on 13th January 1849 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, May 30). Ships' Passenger Lists of Arrivals in New South Wales on (1828 - 1842, 1848 - 1849) [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nsw_1838_on.pdf
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Tremayne Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • William Tremayne, aged 23, who arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Accrington" in 1863
  • Anna Tremayne, aged 24, who arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Accrington" in 1863
  • Mrs. Anna Tremayne, (b. 1839), aged 24, Cornish settler departing on 18th June 1863 aboard the ship "Accrington" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 5th September 1863 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Lyttelton 1858-84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  • Mr. William Tremayne, (b. 1840), aged 23, Cornish farm labourer departing on 18th June 1863 aboard the ship "Accrington" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 5th September 1863 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Lyttelton 1858-84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  • Miss Caroline Tremayne, (b. 1855), aged 20, Cornish servant departing on 12th October 1875 aboard the ship "Caroline" going to Napier, Hawkes Bay, New Zealand arriving in port on 31st January 1876 [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to other ports, 1872 - 84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Tremayne (post 1700)


  • The Reverend Henry Hawkins Tremayne (1741-1829), English clergyman and owner of the Heligan estate
  • John Tremayne (1825-1901), Cornwall and Devon MP, High Sheriff of Cornwall in 1859
  • John Hearle Tremayne (1780-1851), Cornish MP and High Sheriff of Cornwall in 1831
  • Arthur Tremayne (1827-1905), Crimean War soldier and Cornish MP, recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Peter Tremayne (b. 1943), pseudonym of Peter Berresford Ellis, a British biographer, historian, and novelist
  • Kate Tremayne, British novelist, known for her Loveday series of fictional novels, set in 18th century rural England during the time of the French Revolution
  • David Tremayne, British motor racing journalist who has written extensively about the Land Speed Record and is the Formula One correspondent for The Independent, one of the founding partners of GrandPrix+, 1990, 2001 and 2004 winner of the Guild of Motoring Writers Journalist of the Year Award
  • Air Marshall Sir John Tremayne Babington KCB, CBE, DSO, RAF (1891-1979), later known as Sir John Tremayne Tremayne, British senior commander in the Royal Air Force
  • Major Eric Tremayne Buller M.C. (1894-1973), English cricketer and British Army officer
  • Curtis Tremayne Lofton (b. 1986), American football linebacker

Tremayne Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
  3. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, May 30). Ships' Passenger Lists of Arrivals in New South Wales on (1828 - 1842, 1848 - 1849) [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nsw_1838_on.pdf
  6. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Lyttelton 1858-84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  7. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to other ports, 1872 - 84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf


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