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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016


Cornwall, one of the original six "Celtic nations" is the homeland to the surname Tremain. A revival of the Cornish language which began in the 9th century AD has begun. No doubt this was the language spoken by distant forebears of the Tremain family. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames were adopted in medieval England is fascinating. Many Cornish surnames appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames. The name Tremain is a local type of surname and the Tremain family lived in Cornwall, at the manor of Tremayne, in the Parish of St. Martin. It comes from the Cornish words "tre," meaning settlement and "men," meaning stone. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)


Tremain Early Origins



The surname Tremain was first found in Cornwall at Tremaine (Tremayne) which dates back to c. 1230, when it was listed at that time with its Cornish spelling of Treman. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
The family originally held the manor of Tremayne in the Parish of St. Martin on the banks of Helford-Haven. Today, Tremayne is a hamlet in the parish of St Martin in Meneage. The first ancestor of the family was Perys de Tremayne of Tremayne who lived in the reign of Edward III and assumed the local name. [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
[3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.

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Tremain Spelling Variations


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Tremain Spelling Variations



Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Tremayne, Tremain, Tremayn, Tremaine and others.

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Tremain Early History


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Tremain Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tremain research. Another 351 words (25 lines of text) covering the years 1485, 1603, 1659, 1692, 1647, 1694, 1485, 1487 and 1745 are included under the topic Early Tremain History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Tremain Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Tremain Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tremain Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Tremain or a variant listed above:

Tremain Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Martha Tremain, who settled in Virginia in 1734

Tremain Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • John Tremain, who arrived in New York in 1847

Tremain Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Tremain, aged 24, arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Himalaya"

Tremain Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • E. Tremain arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Lord Burleigh" in 1856
  • Mary A. Tremain arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Lord Burleigh" in 1856

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Contemporary Notables of the name Tremain (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Tremain (post 1700)



  • Ben Tremain, American member of the Wisconsin State Assembly
  • Lyman Tremain (1819-1878), American jurist and politician, New York State Attorney General (1858-1859), Speaker of the New York State Assembly in 1866
  • Thomas Tremain (b. 1737), English organist, Deputy Organist of Chichester Cathedral (1771-1775)
  • Rose Tremain CBE (b. 1943), English multiple award wining author including the Orange Prize (2008), Whitbread Award (1999), Prix Femina Étranger (1994) and more; current Chancellor of the University of East Anglia
  • Joseph Tremain (b. 1991), English actor, best known for his starring role in the first series of the children's television series Morris 2274
  • Kelvin Robin "Kel" Tremain (1938-1992), New Zealand former rugby union player who played from 1959 to 1968 for the New Zealand National team (All Blacks), for which he won 38 full caps between 1959 and 1968
  • Hadley Brown Tremain (1874-1951), Canadian lawyer and political figure in Nova Scotia
  • Garrick Tremain (b. 1941), New Zealand cartoonist and painter, finalist for the Qantas Media Awards Cartoonist in 2000 and 2004
  • Chris Tremain (b. 1966), Member of the New Zealand House of Representatives for Napier (2008-)
  • Brigadier Albert Edward Duncier Tremain (b. 1899), Canadian Commanding Officer Increment Headquarters 1st Canadian Army, England
  • ... (Another 1 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Tremain Family Crest Products


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Tremain Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
  3. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.

Other References

  1. Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
  2. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  3. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  4. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  5. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  6. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  7. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  8. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  9. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  10. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  11. ...

The Tremain Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Tremain Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 4 April 2016 at 13:34.

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