The surname Traquair was first found in Peeblesshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd nam Pùballan), former county in South-central Scotland, in the present day Scottish Borders Council Area, where they held a family seat on the lands of Traquair in the parish of Traquair from very ancient times. Although Magistrate Alan de Traquair was the first on record in 1250 it can be assumed that the lands were held by the family at least 100 years before. Following the pattern of settlers in the district, many grants were made by King David of Scotland to his Norman friends who moved north after the Barons War with King Stephen of England in 1137. Similarly, it was the Norman custom for the second son to adopt the surname of his estates, hence Traquair.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Traquair research. Another 50 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1265, 1315 and 1618 are included under the topic Early Traquair History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:
Traquair Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
Mr. Edward Traquair, (b. 1829), aged 34, British mason travelling from London aboard the ship 'Mermaid' arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 16th February 1864 
Mrs. Eliza Traquair, (b. 1830), aged 33, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship 'Mermaid' arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 16th February 1864