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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: Czech, English


While surnames were well-known during the English medieval period, Cornish People originally used only a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames came into common use is interesting. Under the Feudal System of government, surnames evolved and they often reflected life on the manor and in the field. Patronymic surnames were derived from given names and were the predominant type of surname among the Celtic peoples of Britain. However, the people of Cornwall provide a surprising exception to this rule, and patronymic surnames are less common among them than other people of Celtic stock, such as their Welsh neighbors. This type of surname blended perfectly with the prevailing Feudal System. One feature that is occasionally found in Cornish surnames of this type is the suffix -oe or -ow; this is derived from the Cornish plural suffix -ow. is a patronymic surname that came from the ancient given name Thomas, which itself is derived from the Aramaic name Teoma, meaning twin.

Toms Early Origins



The surname Toms was first found in Cornwall where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say before the Norman Conquest in 1066.

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Toms Spelling Variations


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Toms Spelling Variations



Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Thom, Thomes, Thome, Toms, Tom, Thoms and others.

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Toms Early History


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Toms Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Toms research. Another 172 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1433, 1473, and 1663 are included under the topic Early Toms History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Toms Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Toms Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Toms Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Toms In Ireland


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Toms In Ireland



Some of the Toms family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 171 words (12 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



A search of the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Toms:

Toms Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Eliz Toms, who arrived in Virginia in 1665
  • Mary Toms, who arrived in Virginia in 1665
  • Fran Toms, who landed in Virginia in 1666
  • William Toms, who arrived in Maryland in 1672
  • John Toms, who landed in Maryland in 1676

Toms Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Gabriel Toms, who arrived in Virginia in 1703
  • Edward Toms, who landed in Virginia in 1725
  • Catherine Toms, who landed in Frederick County, Maryland in 1768

Toms Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Samuel Toms, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1833
  • A C Toms, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • James Toms settled in Shoe Cove in 1851
  • Cornelius Toms, aged 37, arrived in New York, NY in 1873

Toms Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Sarah Toms, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Thorns Toms, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750

Toms Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Mary Toms arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Zephyr" in 1833
  • Albert Toms, who arrived in Canada in 1839

Toms Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • William Toms, English convict from Surrey, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 29, 1828, settling in New South Wales, Australia [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 24) Albion voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1828 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1828
  • George Toms arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Constance" in 1848
  • John Thomas Toms arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "John Munn" in 1849
  • Elizabeth Toms, aged 23, a servant, arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "Calabar"
  • George Toms, aged 21, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1859 aboard the ship "David McIvor"

Toms Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Joseph Toms landed in Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand in 1830
  • John Toms, aged 44, a labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "New Era" in 1855
  • Mary A. Toms, aged 44, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "New Era" in 1855
  • Charles Toms, aged 21, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "New Era" in 1855
  • Elizabeth Toms, aged 21, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "New Era" in 1855
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Contemporary Notables of the name Toms (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Toms (post 1700)



  • David Wayne Toms (b. 1967), American professional golfer
  • Robert M. Toms, American Republican politician, Circuit Judge in Michigan 3rd Circuit, 1929-59; Appointed 1929
  • Charles French Toms, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from North Carolina, 1908
  • Wendy Toms (b. 1962), English football referee
  • William "Billy" Toms (b. 1895), Irish footballer from Curragh
  • Edward James Toms (1899-1971), British Olympic bronze medalist relay runner at the 1924 Summer Olympics

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Toms Family Crest Products


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Toms Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 24) Albion voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1828 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1828

Other References

  1. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  2. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  3. Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
  4. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  5. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  6. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  7. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  8. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  9. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  10. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  11. ...

The Toms Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Toms Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 3 December 2016 at 15:19.

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