The name Tolkin reached English shores for the first time with the ancestors of the Tolkin family as they migrated following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Tolkin family lived in Kent
. Their name, however, is a reference to Touques, Normandy
, the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest
Early Origins of the Tolkin family
The surname Tolkin was first found in Kent
where they held a family seat
from early times after the Norman Conquest
in 1066. They were descended from Le Sire de Touques from Pont-le-Eveque where the castle stood. Wace, the historian, mentions the Baron
Touque as amongst the Companions of Duke William, at Hastings in 1066. The ancient family of Touque of Godington of Kent
claim descent from this Norman Lord. We would be remiss if we did not address the legendary Friar Tuck. Two royal writs in 1417 refer to Robert Stafford, a Sussex
chaplain who had assumed the alias of Frere Tuk. Little more is known about him other than this "Friar Tuck" was still at large in 1429.
Early History of the Tolkin family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tolkin research.Another 173 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1130, 1175, 1580, 1657, 1615, 1674, 1663, 1673, 1732 and 1698 are included under the topic Early Tolkin History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Tolkin Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations
. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Tooke, Tocque, Took, Touque, Tuck and others.
Early Notables of the Tolkin family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Thomas Tuke (c.1580-1657), an English clergyman and controversial writer, of royalist views in later life; Sir Samuel Tuke (c.1615-1674), 1st Baronet
, English officer in the Royalist army during the English Civil War and a notable playwright, best known... Another 45 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tolkin Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Tolkin family to the New World and Oceana
Because of the political and religious discontent in England
, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Tolkin name or one of its variants: James Tooke settled in Virginia in 1623; another James Tooke settled in Virginia in 1637; Ann Took settled in Dominica in 1774.
The Tolkin Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Militia mea multiplex
Motto Translation: My warfare is manifold.