The name Tolkein reached England
in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Tolkein family lived in Kent
. Their name, however, is a reference to Touques, Normandy
, the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest
Early Origins of the Tolkein family
The surname Tolkein was first found in Kent
where they held a family seat
from early times after the Norman Conquest
in 1066. They were descended from Le Sire de Touques from Pont-le-Eveque where the castle stood. Wace, the historian, mentions the Baron
Touque as amongst the Companions of Duke William, at Hastings in 1066. The ancient family of Touque of Godington of Kent
claim descent from this Norman Lord. We would be remiss if we did not address the legendary Friar Tuck. Two royal writs in 1417 refer to Robert Stafford, a Sussex
chaplain who had assumed the alias of Frere Tuk. Little more is known about him other than this "Friar Tuck" was still at large in 1429.
Early History of the Tolkein family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tolkein research.Another 173 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1130, 1175, 1580, 1657, 1615, 1674, 1663, 1673, 1732 and 1698 are included under the topic Early Tolkein History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Tolkein Spelling Variations
Before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations
were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Tolkein family name include Tooke, Tocque, Took, Touque, Tuck and others.
Early Notables of the Tolkein family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Thomas Tuke (c.1580-1657), an English clergyman and controversial writer, of royalist views in later life; Sir Samuel Tuke (c.1615-1674), 1st Baronet
, English officer in the Royalist army during the English Civil War and a notable playwright, best known... Another 45 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tolkein Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Tolkein family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the political and religious chaos of this era, thousands of English families began to migrate to the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. The passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe; however, those who made the voyage safely were encountered opportunities that were not available to them in their homeland. Many of the families that reached the New World at this time went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Tolkein family to immigrate North America: James Tooke settled in Virginia in 1623; another James Tooke settled in Virginia in 1637; Ann Took settled in Dominica in 1774.
The Tolkein Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Militia mea multiplex
Motto Translation: My warfare is manifold.