The name Tirrell comes from a name for a stubborn or obstinate person. The surname Tirrell is derived from the Old French word tirer,
which means to draw.
This is used in the same sense as the word tirand,
which means "one who pulls on the reins;" thus it may be that it was used as a nickname
for a stubborn person, before coming to be used as a hereditary surname.
Early Origins of the Tirrell family
The surname Tirrell was first found in Essex
where one of the first records of the name is Walter Tirel III, (1065-c. 1100), Castellan of Pontoise and Lord of Poix, son of Walter Tirell II. CITATION[CLOSE]
The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
He is remembered for his involvement in the death of King William II (William Rufus) on a hunting trip in the New Forest on August 2nd, 1100. Some say it was an accident when Walter shot an arrow at a stag which glanced from the beast and struck King William II, while others disagree. However, accordingly to chroniclers of the time, they parted at the beginning of the hunt on good terms, but the king was later found with one of the arrows given to Walter by the king in his chest. There is a stone in the Forest at Stoney Cross marking the spot where the King fell.
Walter's grandson Hugh Tyrrel (died 1199) took part in the Norman Conquest of Ireland where he became the first Baron of Castleknock and later took part in the Third Crusade.
Another distinct branch of the family was found at Gipping in Suffolk. "This place, which takes its name from the small river Gipping, is the property of C. Tyrell, Esq., whose ancestor, Sir Walter Tyrell, Knt., held the lordship at the time of the Domesday survey." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Tirrell family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tirrell research.Another 251 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1423, 1450, 1502, 1502, 1597, 1676, 1661, 1676, 1617, 1701, 1643, 1718, 1642, 1718, 1623 and 1676 are included under the topic Early Tirrell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Tirrell Spelling Variations
Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon
surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. Changes in Anglo-Saxon
names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Tirrell include Tyrell, Terrell, Terrill, Tyrill, Turrell, Tirell, Tyrrell and many more.
Early Notables of the Tirrell family (pre 1700)
Notables of this surname at this time include: Sir James Tyrrell (c.1450-1502) was an English knight, a trusted servant of King Richard III of England
, he confessed to the murders of King Edward V of England
and his brother Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York and was beheaded at Tower... Another 72 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tirrell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Tirrell family to Ireland
Some of the Tirrell family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 65 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Tirrell family to the New World and Oceana
Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Tirrell or a variant listed above:
Tirrell Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Edward Tirrell, who settled in Virginia in 1653
- Edward Tirrell, who landed in Virginia in 1653 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- John Tirrell, who arrived in Virginia in 1672
- Hugh Tirrell, who settled in Barbados in 1679
Tirrell Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- William Tirrell, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1848 CITATION[CLOSE]
State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BOLTON 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848Bolton.htm
Contemporary Notables of the name Tirrell (post 1700)
- David A. Tirrell, American chemist and Professor of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering at the California Institute of Technology
- Charles Quincy Tirrell (1844-1910), American politician, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts's 4th district (1901-1910)
- Prince H. Tirrell, American Republican politician, Member of Massachusetts State House of Representatives Fifth Norfolk District, 1923-24
- N. Arthur Tirrell, American politician, Delegate to New Hampshire State Constitutional Convention from Goffstown, 1948
- Katherine Tirrell, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Massachusetts, 1940
- Frank A. Tirrell Jr. (b. 1955), American politician, Justice of Maine State Supreme Court, 1953-55
- Charles Quincy Tirrell (1844-1910), American Republican politician, Member of Massachusetts State House of Representatives, 1872; Member of Massachusetts State Senate, 1881-82
- C. B. Tirrell, American politician, Member of Minnesota State House of Representatives 26th District, 1873