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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English, French


The illustrious surname Taillant finds its origin in the rocky, sea swept coastal area of southwestern England known as Cornwall. Although surnames were fairly widespread in medieval England, people were originally known only by a single name. The process by which hereditary surnames were adopted is extremely interesting. As populations grew, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Under the Feudal System of government, surnames evolved and they often reflected life on the manor and in the field. Lords and their tenants often became known by the name of the feudal territory they owned or lived on. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic names, the Cornish predominantly used local surnames. This was due to the heavy political and cultural influence of the English upon the Cornish People at the time that surnames first came into use. Local surnames were derived from where a person lived, held land, or was born. While many Cornish surnames of this sort appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames derived from lost or unrecorded place names. The name Taillant is a local type of surname and the Taillant family lived in the parish of Talland in the county of Cornwall.

Taillant Early Origins



The surname Taillant was first found in Cornwall where they held a family seat from very ancient times, before and after the Norman Conquest in 1066.

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Taillant Spelling Variations


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Taillant Spelling Variations



Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Tallent, Talent, Tallen, Tallon, Tallant, Talant and others.

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Taillant Early History


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Taillant Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Taillant research. Another 75 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1150, 1160, 1180, 1642, 1619, 1708, 1685 and 1663 are included under the topic Early Taillant History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Taillant Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Taillant Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 45 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Taillant Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Taillant In Ireland


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Taillant In Ireland



Some of the Taillant family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 103 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



An examination into the immigration and passenger lists has discovered a number of people bearing the name Taillant: Richard Tallent, who sailed to Barbados in 1697; Elizabeth Talant sailed to Nova Scotia in 1839; Mary Tallent sailed to Nova Scotia in 1843; Mrs. Tallent settled with Bessie in San Francisco in 1852.

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Taillant Family Crest Products


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Taillant Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    2. Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
    3. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
    4. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
    5. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
    6. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
    7. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
    8. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
    9. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
    10. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
    11. ...

    The Taillant Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Taillant Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 12 September 2013 at 11:11.

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