Sturt History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The origins the old family name Sturt can be found within medieval Scotland. While the patronymic and metronymic surnames, which are derived from the name of the father and mother respectively, are the most common form of a hereditary surname in Scotland, occupational surnames also emerged during the late Middle Ages. Many people, such as the Sturt family, adopted the name of their occupation as their surname. However, an occupational name did not become a hereditary surname until the office or type of employment became hereditary. The surname Sturt was an occupational name for a steward, the official in charge of a noble household and its treasury. One common alternate spelling of the name is a result of the influence of Mary, Queen of Scots, who was educated in France, and consequently spelled the name Steuart or Stuart.

Early Origins of the Sturt family

The surname Sturt was first found in Oswestry, Shropshire, where they had been granted lands by William the Conqueror, their liege Lord.

Early History of the Sturt family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Sturt research. Another 464 words (33 lines of text) covering the years 1230, 1316, 1390, 1745, 1371, 1371, 1714, 1688, 1643, 1726, 1591, 1645, 1608, 1681, 1676, 1681, 1634, 1701, 1683 and 1735 are included under the topic Early Sturt History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Sturt Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Stuart, Steuart, Stuard, Sturt and others.

Early Notables of the Sturt family (pre 1700)

Notable among the family at this time was Charles Stewart Chief of Ardshiel; General The Rt. Hon. Sir William Steuart (1643-1726) P.C., M.P., Commander-in-Chief of Queen Anne's Forces in Ireland and benefactor of Hanover Square, London; Adam Steuart (Stuart, Stewart) (1591-1645) was a Scottish philosopher and controversialist...
Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Sturt Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Sturt family to Ireland

Some of the Sturt family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Sturt migration to the United States +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Sturt Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • John Sturt, who settled in Virginia in 1735
  • Elizabeth Sturt, who settled in Maryland in 1741

Australia Sturt migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Sturt Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Charlotte Christina Sturt, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Eliza" in 1849 [1]
  • Napier George Sturt, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Eliza" in 1849 [1]
  • Charles Steppey Sturt, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Eliza" in 1849 [1]

New Zealand Sturt migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Sturt Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Job Sturt, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Phoenix" in 1860

Contemporary Notables of the name Sturt (post 1700) +

  • Frederick Neil Sturt (b. 1951), former American NFL football guard who played from 1974 to 1981
  • Captain Charles Napier Sturt (1795-1869), India-born, British explorer of Australia; he led several expeditions into the interior of the continent searching for an inland sea
  • William Sturt (b. 1797), English professional cricketer for Sussex from 1815 to 1817
  • Captain Napier George Henry Sturt (b. 1896), 3rd Baron Alington was a British peer
  • Montague Alfred Sliney Sturt DSO (1876-1961), English first-class cricketer who played 10 matches for Somerset between 1896 and 1910
  • Michael Ormonde Cleasby Sturt (b. 1941), English businessman and cricketer
  • John Sturt (1658-1730), English engraver, best known as the original illustrator of The Pilgrim's Progress
  • Winifred Selina Sturt CI (b. 1868), Baroness Hardinge of Penshurst, an English noblewoman
  • Humphrey Napier Sturt KCVO (b. 1859), 2nd Baron Alington, a British peer and politician, Member of Parliament for East Dorset (1891-1904); he died from his wounds in World War I
  • Henry Gerard Sturt (1825-1904), 1st Baron Alington, a British peer and Conservative Party politician
  • ... (Another 4 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


The Sturt Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Noblis est ira leonis
Motto Translation: The wrath of the lion is noble.


  1. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) ELIZA 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Eliza.htm


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