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Stewart History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms


Origins Available: English , Scottish-Alt , Scottish


Scotland's history is inextricably linked to that of the Royal Clan, the Clan Stewart. The surname Stewart was an occupational name for a steward, the official in charge of a noble household and its treasury. It derives from the Old English word "stigweard," a compound of "stig," or "household," and "weard," or "guardian." As every great house, Earl and Bishop in medieval England and Scotland had its stewards, this office has given rise to many lines of this hereditary surname.


Early Origins of the Stewart family


The surname Stewart was first found in Scotland, where records of Stewart as a surname, and not just an occupation began to be found from the 13th century. The ancestors of the famed Royal Stewart line of Scotland descend from a family Breton nobles named Flaald, the name is therefore of Anglo-Norman extraction. The name arrived in Britain with Alan, a knight who settled in Oswestry in Shropshire.

Early History of the Stewart family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Stewart research.
Another 397 words (28 lines of text) covering the years 1230, 1371, 1371, 1714, 1688, 1720, 1745, 1746, 1807, 1343, 1405, 1382, 1405, 1479, 1503, 1504, 1476, 1504, 1467, 1504, 1452, 1508, 1545, 1567, 1565, 1659, 1598, 1662, 1641, 1653, 1692, 1675, 1728, 1714 and 1890 are included under the topic Early Stewart History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Stewart Spelling Variations


Spelling variations of this family name include: Stewart, Steward, Stillbhard (Gaelic) and others.

Early Notables of the Stewart family (pre 1700)


Notable among the family at this time was Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan (Wolf of Badenoch) (1343-1405), third surviving son of King Robert II of Scotland, first Earl of Buchan since John Comyn (1382-1405), Justiciar of Scotia for a time, but not an effective one, held large territories in the north...
Another 203 words (14 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Stewart Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Stewart family to Ireland


Some of the Stewart family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 151 words (11 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Stewart family to the New World and Oceana


Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Stewart Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Austin Stewart, who settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1651
  • Austin Stewart in Boston in 1651
  • Charles Stewart, a Royalist soldier captured at Worcester, sent to Boston aboard the "John and Sara" in 1652
  • Austin Stewart, who landed in America in 1652 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Cha Stewart, who landed in America in 1652 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Stewart Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Margaret Stewart, who landed in Virginia in 1705 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Malcom Stewart, who arrived in Virginia in 1716 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Alexander Stewart, a Jacobite captured at Preston, was among Thomase banished to the plantations, transported from Liverpool to South Carolina aboard the "Susannah" in 1716
  • Jamaica Stewart, who arrived in America in 1724 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Don Stewart, who arrived in Georgia in 1738 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Stewart Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Griselda Stewart, who arrived in New York in 1801 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Peter Stewart, who arrived in New York in 1802 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Thomas Stewart, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1803 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Agness Stewart, aged 20, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1803 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Anne Stewart, aged 18, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1804 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Stewart Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Alexander McIntosh Stewart, who arrived in Mississippi in 1906 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Stewart Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century

  • Sir James Stewart of Killeith, 4th Lord Ochiltree, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1629

Stewart Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Andrew Stewart, a settler who came with Governor Cornwallis to Chebucto, Nova Scotia in June 1749
  • Andrew Stewart, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Danl Stewart, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Daniel Stewart, who arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • Hugh Stewart, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Stewart Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Alex Stewart, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1801
  • Margaret Stewart, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1801
  • James Stewart, aged 37, who arrived in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1803
  • Isabella Stewart, aged 9, who arrived in Pictou, Nova Scotia aboard the ship "Commerce" in 1803
  • Janet Stewart, aged 7, who arrived in Pictou, Nova Scotia aboard the ship "Commerce" in 1803
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Stewart Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Edmund Stewart, English convict from Surrey, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Australia [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 190 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1822
  • Robert Stewart, a watch-maker, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • John Stewart, a printer, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Alexander Stewart, a glazier, who arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • William Stewart, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Argyle" on March 5th, 1831, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Argyle voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1831 with 251 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/argyle/1831
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Stewart Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • A Stewart, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • Alexander Stewart, aged 19, a baker, who arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Lady Nugent" in 1841
  • William Stewart, aged 26, a farmer, who arrived in New Plymouth aboard the ship "Phoebe Dunbar" between 1841 and 1850
  • J Stewart, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1842 aboard the ship Indemnity
  • Charles Stewart, aged 16, a labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Birman" in 1842
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Stewart (post 1700)


  • James Maitland "Jimmy" Stewart (1908-1997), American five-time Academy Award nominated actor, recipient of one award and a Lifetime Achievement award and the Presidential Medal of Freedom. With the United States Air Force, he rose to the rank of Brigadier General
  • Samuel Lee Stewart (1954-2018), American Major League Baseball pitcher who played from 1978 to 1987
  • Anne Eustis Pepper Stewart (1964-2017), known as Wendy Pepper, American fashion designer
  • William Payne Stewart (1957-1999), American professional golfer who won eleven PGA Tour events
  • Lynne Irene Stewart (1939-2017), American defense attorney, known for representing controversial, poor, and often unpopular defendants
  • Alex Stewart (1964-2016), Jamaican professional boxer, bronze medalist at the 1983 Pan American Games
  • Charles "Chuck" Stewart (1927-2017), American photographer, known for his portraits of jazz singers and musicians including Louis Armstrong, Count Basie, John Coltrane, Ella Fitzgerald, and Miles Davis
  • Paul Wilbur Stewart (1925-2015), American historian, founder of the Black American West Museum and Heritage Center in 1971
  • Karen Davey Stewart (1953-2015), American helicopter skiing pioneer, co-founder of World Extreme Skiing Championship
  • Jon Randall Stewart (b. 1969), American country music singer, songwriter and musician
  • ... (Another 34 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Stewart family



Air New Zealand Flight 901

  • Mr. Donald Mathew Stewart (1944-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Birkenhead, Auckland, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; he died in the crash

Arrow Air Flight 1285

  • Mr. Randy S Stewart (b. 1964), American Sergeant from Texarkana, Arkansas, USA who died in the crash [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550

Halifax Explosion

  • Miss Marguerite  Stewart (1908-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  • Mrs. Emma Stewart (1855-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  • Mrs. Alice May  Stewart (1883-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who survived the explosion but later died due to injuries [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance

HMS Hood

  • Mr. Thomas Stewart (b. 1911), Irish Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Belfast, County Antrim, Ireland, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  • Mr. Robert J P Stewart (b. 1910), English Chaplain serving for the Royal Navy from Bayswater, London, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  • Mr. Albert M Stewart (b. 1895), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Pimlico, London, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm

HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. Stewart, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  • Mr. Stewart, British Stoker 2nd Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html

HMS Repulse

  • Mr. Charles David Stewart, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html

HMS Royal Oak

  • Edward S. Stewart, British Seaman with the Royal Navy Reserve aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [9]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  • Hugh Stewart (1915-1939), British Lieutenant (Instructor) with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [9]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  • Donald Cecil Clive Stewart (1920-1939), British Writer with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [9]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html

RMS Lusitania

  • Mr. Duncan Stewart, Canadian 1st Class Passenger from Montréal, Quebec, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [10]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  • Mr. Thomas Edgar Stewart, Scottish Assistant Steward from Glasgow, Scotland, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [10]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  • Mrs. Christina Stewart, Scottish 2nd Class passenger residing in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [11]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  • Master John Knox Stewart, Scottish 2nd Class passenger residing in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [11]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/

RMS Titanic

  • Mr. Albert A. Stewart (d. 1912), aged 54, American First Class passenger from Cincinnati, Ohio who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [12]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html

USS Arizona

  • Mr. Thomas Lester Stewart, American Ship's Cook Third Class from Arkansas, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking

The Stewart Motto


The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Virescit vulnere virtus
Motto Translation: Courage grows stronger at the wound.


Stewart Clan Badge

Stewart Clan Badge

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A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...

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Septs of the Distinguished Name Stewart
Aninley, Clay, Claye, Cley, Cleye, Comby, Conalee, Conaleigh, Conally, Conallys, Conaly, Conalys, Coneally, Conealy, Coneely, Conelay, Conelly, Conellys, Conely, Conelys, Conerly, Conilly, Conillys, Conily, Conilys, Conlay, Conlaye, Conlays, Conlea, Conleagh, Conleaghs, Conleas, Conlee, Conlees, Conleigh, Conley, Conleys, Conlie, Conlies, Conly, Conlys, Connalee, Connaleigh, Connally, Connallys, Connaly, Connalys, Conneally, Connealy, Conneely and more.

Stewart Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 190 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1822
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Argyle voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1831 with 251 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/argyle/1831
  4. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  5. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  6. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  7. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  8. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  9. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  10. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  11. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  12. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html


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