Stainbrough History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
Cornwall, one of the original six "Celtic nations" is the homeland to the surname Stainbrough. A revival of the Cornish language which began in the 9th century AD has begun. No doubt this was the language spoken by distant forebears of the Stainbrough family. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames were adopted in medieval England is fascinating. Many Cornish surnames appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames. The name Stainbrough is a local type of surname and the Stainbrough family lived at the manor of Stanbury in Morwinstowe, Cornwall. The name could have from an Old English woman's name for Stanburh 'stone-fortress'  or literally meant "the fort or defence of stone." 
Early Origins of the Stainbrough family
The surname Stainbrough was first found in Essex where the first record of the family was found in the Domesday Book of 1086 where Stamburc was listed. 
Later in Cornwall, they held a family seat from very ancient times, as Lords of the manor of Stanbury in Morwinstowe. "The manor of Stanbury (which formerly belonged to an ancient family of this name,) was the birth place of Richard Stanbury, who was Bishop of Hereford, and died so early as 1471. In the fifteenth century, it was carried in marriage by an heiress of this family to the Mannings." 
Stanbury is common in Devon where it is probably from Stanborough.  The Lancashire Stanbury is from Stanbury, in the West Riding of Yorkshire." 
"Both may have contributed, but looking at the directories it is clear that Devonshire holds the first place as parent." 
A very rare name in early rolls; we did however find Alan Stanborw in the Hundredorum Rolls for Cheshire in 1279  and later, Thomas de Staynburghe in the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379. 
Early History of the Stainbrough family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Stainbrough research. Another 67 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1772, 1474, 1448, 1453, 1453, 1474, 1440, 1446, 1670, 1720, 1706, 1707, 1704, 1714, 1704, 1712, 1705 and 1778 are included under the topic Early Stainbrough History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Stainbrough Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Stanbury, Stanberie, Standborough, Stanborough, Stanbrough, StanBerry, Stanburry, Stansbury, Stainsbury and many more.
Early Notables of the Stainbrough family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was John StanBerry (or Stanbury) (died 1474), English medieval Bishop of Bangor (1448-1453) and Bishop of Hereford (1453-1474.) He was second son of Walter Stanbury of Morwenstow, Cornwall, by his wife Cicely. He entered the Carmelite order, and was educated at Exeter College, Oxford, whence he graduated D.D. (Boase, Reg. Coll. Exon. pp. lxix, 367). He subsequently gained great reputation by his lectures at Oxford, and before 1440 he became confessor to Henry VI. In that year he was nominated first provost of Eton College, in the foundation of which he had advised Henry...
Another 114 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Stainbrough Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Stainbrough family
An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Stainbrough or a variant listed above: Josiah Stanbury (also Stanborough) who settled in Lynn Massachusetts in 1630; Roger Stanbury arrived in Jamaica in 1661; W.A. Stanbrough arrived in San Francisco in 1850.
Related Stories +
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
- ^ Barber, Henry, British Family Names London: Elliot Stock, 62 Paternoster Row, 1894. Print.
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)