The annals of Scottish history reveal that Sowtharlyn was first used as a name by descendants of the Pictish tribe of ancient Scotland
. The Sowtharlyn family lived in the county of Sutherland
in the north of Scotland. The name was derived from Old Norse suðr
or "south" land, due to the area being south of Scandinavia and the Norse colonies in the Orkney
Islands. The Earls of Orkney
referred to the Dales of Caithness
as the Southland, even though they are in the more northern parts of Scotland. It was here that the great Lords of Freskin held their territory in the 11th century. They later intermarried with the great and royal house of Moray; hence, the three stars on the Sutherland
coat of arms.
Early Origins of the Sowtharlyn family
The surname Sowtharlyn was first found in Caithness
(Gaelic: Gallaibh), the northern tip of Scotland
, a Norse/Viking controlled region from the 9th century, which became the Earldom of Caithness
, where they held a family seat
from the 11th century. Their early Clan
chiefs were styled the Lords of Freskin in the Dales of Caithness.
"The founder of the clan of Sutherland settled in the XII. century in the province of Murref, Moray, or Moravia, comprehending the modern counties of Murray or Elgin, and parts of Inverness and Banff, whence the family for several generations assumed the name of Murref or De Moravia, which they retained even after their occupation of Sudrland or Sutherland, and their elevation to that earldom." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
As the name was originally of territorial origin from the province of Moray, early records of the family referenced that territory. "William de Moravia (lord of Petty) was witness to a royal charter to the Abbey of Holyrood, 1203. A little earlier he appears as William, son of Freskin. Hucting de Moravia witnessed confirmation of sale of the land of Scrogges, c. 1208-13 and Malcolm de Moravia witnessed gift of a mark of silver annually to the Abbey of Arbroath, c. 1250." CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
Early History of the Sowtharlyn family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Sowtharlyn research.Another 484 words (35 lines of text) covering the years 1211, 1333, 1389, 1682, 1598, 1601, 1745, 1759, 1794, 1674, 1705, 1734, 1639, 1719, 1676, 1705, 1710 and 1768 are included under the topic Early Sowtharlyn History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Sowtharlyn Spelling Variations
During the Middle Ages, there was no basic set of rules and scribes wrote according to sound. The correct spelling of Scottish names were further compromised after many haphazard translations from Gaelic to English and back. Spelling variations
of the name Sowtharlyn include Sutherland, Sutherlan, Suderland and many more.
Early Notables of the Sowtharlyn family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the Clan
at this time was Alexander Sutherland, 1st Lord Duffus (d. 1674); James Sutherland, 2nd Lord Duffus (d. 1705); Kenneth Sutherland, 3rd Lord Duffus... Another 26 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Sowtharlyn Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Sowtharlyn family to Ireland
Some of the Sowtharlyn family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 77 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Sowtharlyn family to the New World and Oceana
Scots left their country by the thousands to travel to Australia
and North America. Desperate for freedom and an opportunity to fend for themselves, many paid huge fees and suffered under terrible conditions on long voyages. Still, for those who made the trip, freedom and opportunity awaited. In North America, many fought their old English oppressors in the American War of Independence
. In recent years, Scottish heritage has been an increasingly important topic, as Clan
societies and other organizations have renewed people's interest in their history. An examination of passenger and immigration lists shows many early settlers bearing the name of Sowtharlyn: James Sutherland
known as the Yellow Haired James (Seumas Buidhe), led the mass migration sponsored by the Sutherland
Transatlantic Friendly Association to the Selkirk settlement along the Red River Valley in mid western Canada. In 1814, 700 refugees from the Highland Clearances around Straconan sailed aboard the sailing ships Prince of Wales
and the Eddystone..
The Sowtharlyn Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Sans peur
Motto Translation: Without fear.