Both the Anglo-Norman invaders and the Irish had their own methodologies and customs for surnames. The Irish, in particular, had a system of hereditary surnames
. Although the name Skarrutt is a form of the hereditary name, it is an occupational
surname, a form more common to the Anglo- Normans
surnames were derived from a word describing the actual job done by the name bearer. Early Strongbownians often used the French prefix le, meaning the, but the convention quickly disappeared in Ireland
. The surname came from a common occupational name for a house keeper or butler. The surname Skarrutt originally took the form Scared, which is an abbreviation of Huscared. This in turn is a corruption of Huscarle which means house care.
Early Origins of the Skarrutt family
The surname Skarrutt was first found in Devon
, where they held a family seat
after the Norman Conquest
in 1066 A.D. They were conjecturally descended from Alfred le Breton
, who was granted the lands by William the Conqueror, and was Lord of the manor of Petertavy in Devon.
Early History of the Skarrutt family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Skarrutt research.Another 241 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1172, 1378, 1414, 1642, 1378, 1414, 1415, 1417, 1418, 1491, 1492, 1531, 1532, 1556, 1557, 1594, 1595, 1605, 1606, 1583, 1580, 1583, 1513, 1532, 1620, 1688, 1491, 1492, 1583, 1580 and 1583 are included under the topic Early Skarrutt History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Skarrutt Spelling Variations
Medieval scribes and church officials spelled the names as they sounded, so a name was often spelled many different ways during the lifetime of a single person. The investigation of the origin of the name Skarrutt revealed many spelling variations
including Skerritt, Skerratt, Skerrett, Skerit, Skeret, Scared, Scarrett, Scarrutt and many more.
Early Notables of the Skarrutt family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family up to this time was Richard Scared, Provost of Galway
in 1378; Walter Skerrett, Provost of Galway
(1414-1415) and (1417-1418); John Skerrett, 7th Mayor of Galway
(1491-1492); James Skerrett, Mayor of Galway
(1531-1532); William Skerrett, Mayor of Galway
(1556-1557); Roland Skerrett, Mayor of Galway
(1594-1595); John Skerrett... Another 63 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Skarrutt Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Skarrutt family to the New World and Oceana
In the mid-19th century, Ireland
experienced one of the worst periods in its entire history. During this decade in order to ease the pressure of the soil, which was actually depleted by the effects of the previous years' grain crops, landowners forced tenant
farmers and peasants onto tiny plots of land that barely provided the basic sustenance a family required. Conditions were worsened, though, by the population of the country, which was growing fast to roughly eight million. So when the Great Potato Famine
of the mid-1840s hit, starvation and diseases decimated the population. Thousands of Irish families
left the country for British North America and the United States. The new immigrants were often accommodated either in the opening western frontiers or as cheap unskilled labor in the established centers. In early passenger and immigration lists there are many immigrants bearing the name Skarrutt: William Skerratt who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1868; Bartholomew Skerrett landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1856; Catharine, and Edward Skerritt and daughter Mary settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1849.