Scrutton History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Scrutton family

The surname Scrutton was first found in Yorkshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor of Scruton in the North Riding. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1] indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the family name is descended from Picot, Lord of Aumay, of Exemes, the Count Alan of Brettagne's man, who held the estates in 1086.

Early History of the Scrutton family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Scrutton research. Another 101 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1364, 1379, and 1568 are included under the topic Early Scrutton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Scrutton Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Scruton, Scrutton, Screwton, Screwtone, Scrutone and many more.

Early Notables of the Scrutton family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Scrutton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Scrutton migration to the United States +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Scrutton Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Joseph Scrutton, who settled in San Francisco in 1851
  • Joseph Scrutton, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 [2]

Australia Scrutton migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Scrutton Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

New Zealand Scrutton migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Scrutton Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. James Scrutton, (b. 1818), aged 40, English gardener from Middlesex travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Zealandia" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st September 1858 [4]

Contemporary Notables of the name Scrutton (post 1700) +

  • Thomas Hugh Scrutton, Direct of the National Galleries of Scotland


  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 17th December 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/captain-cook
  4. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html


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