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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Where did the English Scoles family come from? What is the English Scoles family crest and coat of arms? When did the Scoles family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Scoles family history?

Scoles is a name of ancient Anglo-Saxon origin and comes from the family once having lived in the village of Scholes in the parish of Barwick in the West Riding of Yorkshire. At the time of the taking of the Domesday Book in 1086 Scholes was the site of three churches and three mills.


Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Scoles family name include Scholes, Scholl, Scholles, Schoall, Schoalles, Scole, Scoles, Scoyles, Scoyle, Scayle, Scayles, Schoales and many more.

First found in Yorkshire where the name is associated with the village of Scholes in the parish of Barwick which is about nine miles from Leeds, in the West Riding of that county. In 1086 this parish was held by Ilbert de Lacy, and was the site of 3 Churches and 3 mills, today there are still the remains of a bailey, a moat, and a Saxon cross.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Scoles research. Another 244 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1275, 1285, 1332, and 1379 are included under the topic Early Scoles History in all our PDF Extended History products.


More information is included under the topic Early Scoles Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Scoles family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 140 words (10 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland, Canada, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Scoles surname or a spelling variation of the name include:

Scoles Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Henry Scoles, who landed in Maryland in 1665
  • James Scoles, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1685
  • John Scoles, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1685

Scoles Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Robert Scoles arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "British Sovereign" in 1847


  • Paul Scoles, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Pennsylvania, 2004; Candidate for U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania 7th District, 2004
  • John B. Scoles, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from New York County, 1838-39


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  1. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  2. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  3. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  4. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  5. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
  6. Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  7. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  8. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  9. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  10. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  11. ...

The Scoles Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Scoles Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 13 October 2015 at 11:47.

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