Scauan History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The Scauan history begins in Cornwall, a rugged coastal region in southwestern England. Quite distinct from Devon, the adjoining county, Cornwall had its own spoken language until the late 18th century. The Scauan history began here. The manner in which hereditary surnames arose is interesting. Local surnames were derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic names, the Cornish predominantly used local surnames. The Scauan family originally lived in Cornwall. The name, however, is derived from the Old German word scouwon, meaning to look, and indicates that the original bearer lived near a lookout point such as a hill or cliff.
Early Origins of the Scauan family
The surname Scauan was first found in Cornwall where they were Lords of the Manor of Melenick in that shire and held a family seat, some say, before the Norman Conquest in the year 1066.
"Molineck, [in the parish of St. Germans, Cornwall] which has been an ancient seat of the Scawens, was purchased about 1780." 
Early History of the Scauan family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Scauan research. Another 172 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1250, 1801, 1595, 1600, 1689, 1640, 1602, 1670, 1644 and 1722 are included under the topic Early Scauan History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Scauan Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Scawen, Scawan, Scawell and others.
Early Notables of the Scauan family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Sir Thomas Scawen of Cashalton; William Scawen (1600-1689), English politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1640 and fought for the Royalist cause in the English Civil War, he was one of the pioneers in...
Migration of the Scauan family
In the immigration and passenger lists were a number of people bearing the name Scauan Richard Scawell, who arrived in Barbados in 1680 with his servants; as well as Charles Scawen, who arrived in New England in 1765.