Show ContentsScarborough History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The lineage of the name Scarborough begins with the Anglo-Saxon tribes in Britain. It is a result of when they lived in the county of Yorkshire, where they held the manor of Scarborough. This place-name was originally derived from the Old English Skaroisburg, which was brought into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066.

Early Origins of the Scarborough family

The surname Scarborough was first found in North Riding of Yorkshire at Scarborough, a borough, markettown, and parish. 1

"The origin of this town has not been satisfactorily ascertained: it is supposed to have derived its name from the Saxon Scear, a rock, and Burgh, a fortified place. The earliest authentic record of it is a charter of Henry II., conferring certain privileges on the inhabitants; and in the reign of Henry III., a charter was granted for making a new pier at Scardeburgh, as the place was then called." 2

Some of the family were found further north in Scotland in early years too. "Nicholas de Scardbrow witnessed charters by Willelmus de Hawoc, burgess of Perth, c. 1245 and Roger de Scardtheburge was clericus domini regis, c. 1272. Robert de Scardeburgh was parson of the church of Conington in 1295. " 3 But this latter source notes that the name was indeed from Yorkshire.

Sir Robert de Scorburgh (d. 1340), was Baron of the Exchequer and "derived his name from Scorborough in the East Riding of Yorkshire. He is no doubt the Robert de Scorburgh of Beverley to whom there are some references in 1320 to 1322. At his death he is described as possessing the manor of Scoreby, together with property in Stamford Bridge and Etton. " 4

Early History of the Scarborough family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Scarborough research. Another 90 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1584, 1615, 1616, 1617, 1635, 1642, 1645, 1646, 1671, 1693 and 1694 are included under the topic Early Scarborough History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Scarborough Spelling Variations

Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Scarborough has undergone many spelling variations, including Scarbrough, Scarboro, Scarborough, Scasbridge, Scarbrow, Scarburg, Scarburgh, Scarsbridge and many more.

Early Notables of the Scarborough family

Notables of the family at this time include

  • Sir Charles Scarborough MP FRS FRCP (1615-1693), an English physician and mathematician; Captain Edmund Scarborough (1584-1635), English barrister and graduate of Caius College; and his son, Colonel E...

Scarborough Ranking

In the United States, the name Scarborough is the 2,555th most popular surname with an estimated 12,435 people with that name. 5

United States Scarborough migration to the United States +

To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Scarborough were among those contributors:

Scarborough Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Edmund Scarborough, who arrived in Virginia in 1620 6
  • Hannah Scarborough who settled in Virginia with her husband Mathew in 1635
  • Edmond Scarborough, who landed in Virginia in 1635 6
  • Tho Scarborough, who arrived in Virginia in 1639 6
  • Charles Scarborough, who arrived in Maryland or Virginia in 1677 6
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Scarborough Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Michael Scarborough, who arrived in New York in 1820 6

Australia Scarborough migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Scarborough Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. George Scarborough, (b. 1803), aged 17, British brick layer who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 14 years for possession of forged bank notes, transported aboard the "Caledonia" on 5th July 1820, arriving in Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land) 7
  • John Scarborough, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Orator" in 1849 8

Contemporary Notables of the name Scarborough (post 1700) +

  • Kelvin Scarborough (1964-2020), American basketball player who played college basketball at the University of New Mexico from 1983 to 1987
  • Robert Henry Scarborough Jr. (1923-2020), Vice Admiral in the United States Coast Guard who served as the 13th Vice Commandant from 1978 to 1982
  • George Scarborough (1859-1900), American Western lawman, gunfighter and possible outlaw, best known for having killed outlaw John Selman
  • William Sanders Scarborough (1852-1926), one of the first African-American classics scholars
  • Charles Joseph "Joe" Scarborough (b. 1963), American former politician and cable TV news personality
  • Elizabeth Ann Scarborough (b. 1947), American fantasy/science fiction writer
  • Charles Bishop "Chuck" Scarborough (b. 1943), American television news anchor
  • Dorothy Scarborough (1877-1935), American author and editor
  • Hartwell V. Scarborough, American fighter pilot and flying ace in the U.S. Marine Corps, during World War II, credited with 5 aerial victories
  • Victoria Scarborough (b. 1967), English actress, known for Charlotte Gray (2001) and Hollow Reed (1996), sister of Andrew Scarborough
  • ... (Another 2 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Suggested Readings for the name Scarborough +

  • Jacob Miller and Jane Scarborough Kith 'n' Kin' by Flavil R. Miller.
  • Some Quaker Families: Scarborough/Haworth by Roger S. Boone.

  1. Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  4. Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  5. "What are the 5,000 Most Common Last Names in the U.S.?".,
  6. Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th November 2020). Retrieved from
  8. State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The ORATOR 1849. Retrieved from on Facebook