Many Irish names are English translations of Gaelic names. The name Scalon was a translation of the Gaelic name O Scolaidhe, which means student.
from very early times.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Scalon research.Another 149 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 117 and 1172 are included under the topic Early Scalon History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
The recording of names in Ireland
in the Middle Ages was an inconsistent endeavor at best due to competing dialects and languages, and the general illiteracy of the population. Research into the name Scalon revealed many spelling variations
, including Scully, Scally, O'Scully and others.
Many Irish families
did not fare so well within the English-ruled Ireland
. Besides racial and religious discrimination, many families were renting out small tracts of farmland from absentee landowners at often unreasonable rates. Beginning in the late 18th century, moderately well off Irish families
decided to emigrate to British North America or the United States in order to own their own plot of land. A radical change occurred in the 1840s, however, with the Great Potato Famine
of the 1840s. Up to this point, the island's population had been increasing rapidly and a steady demand over the years for grain crops had depleted soil. Two failed crops and one poor one caused widespread disease and starvation. Thousands boarded ships looking for opportunities elsewhere. North America welcomed them as a source of cheap labor required for the many industrial and infrastructure projects underway, and as a means to quickly occupy the western regions. Research into immigration and passenger ship lists indicates that people bearing the name Scalon were among the earliest settlers to arrive in North America: Peter, John, Martin and William Sculley all arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1870; Ben, Edward, John, Joseph, Martin, Mathew, Michael, Owen, Patrick, Peter, Thomas, and William Scully all arrived in Philadelphia between 1800 and 1870..