Many Irish names are English translations of Gaelic names. The name Scaley was a translation of the Gaelic name O Scolaidhe, which means student.
from very early times.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Scaley research.Another 149 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 117 and 1172 are included under the topic Early Scaley History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Many different spelling variations
of the surname Scaley exist in the archives researched. Ancient scribes and church officials recorded names as they were pronounced, often resulting in a single person being recorded under several different spellings. Different spellings that were found include Scully, Scally, O'Scully and others.
Many Irish families
did not fare so well within the English-ruled Ireland
. Besides racial and religious discrimination, many families were renting out small tracts of farmland from absentee landowners at often unreasonable rates. Beginning in the late 18th century, moderately well off Irish families
decided to emigrate to British North America or the United States in order to own their own plot of land. A radical change occurred in the 1840s, however, with the Great Potato Famine
of the 1840s. Up to this point, the island's population had been increasing rapidly and a steady demand over the years for grain crops had depleted soil. Two failed crops and one poor one caused widespread disease and starvation. Thousands boarded ships looking for opportunities elsewhere. North America welcomed them as a source of cheap labor required for the many industrial and infrastructure projects underway, and as a means to quickly occupy the western regions. Research into immigration and passenger ship lists indicates that people bearing the name Scaley were among the earliest settlers to arrive in North America: Peter, John, Martin and William Sculley all arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1870; Ben, Edward, John, Joseph, Martin, Mathew, Michael, Owen, Patrick, Peter, Thomas, and William Scully all arrived in Philadelphia between 1800 and 1870..