Rotheram is a name of ancient Norman origin. It arrived in England
with the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Rotheram family lived in the West Riding of Yorkshire
at Rotherham, a market-town and parish, and the head of a union, in the north division of the wapentake
of Strafforth and Tickhill. The place name literally means "homestead or village on the River Rother," CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
"The town was formerly celebrated for its manufacture of edge tools; and in 1160, there were mines of ironstone, smelting-furnaces, and forges in the neighbourhood." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
was named Rodreham in the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
Early Origins of the Rotheram family
The surname Rotheram was first found in Yorkshire
where they were Lords of the Manor of Rotherham. Conjecturally they are descended from the Count of Mortain who held the lands and village of Rotherham at the taking of the Domesday Book
in the year 1086, a census initiated by Duke William of Normandy
after his conquest of England
. The hamlet of Rotherham consisted mainly of one single Church.
Early History of the Rotheram family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rotheram research.Another 127 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1423, 1500, 1400, 1500, 1600, 1772, 1610 and 1907 are included under the topic Early Rotheram History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Rotheram Spelling Variations
Multitudes of spelling variations
are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans
introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Rotherham, Rotheram, Rothram, Rudrum, Rudderham and others.
Early Notables of the Rotheram family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Rotheram Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rotheram family to Ireland
Some of the Rotheram family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland
is included in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rotheram family to the New World and Oceana
Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland
, North America, and Australia
in enormous numbers, travelling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England
. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Rotheram or a variant listed above:
Rotheram Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Geo Rotheram, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
Contemporary Notables of the name Rotheram (post 1700)
- Captain Edward Rotheram CB RN (1753-1830), English senior officer of the British Royal Navy who saw action at several major naval engagements during the American War of Independence, French Revolutionary War and Napoleonic Wars, eponym of the HMS Rotherham was an R-class destroyer of the British Royal Navy
- Steven Philip Rotheram (b. 1961), British Labour Party politician, Member of Parliament for Liverpool Walton since 2010, Lord Mayor of Liverpool from 2008 to 2009