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Roswell History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms



The ancient history of the Roswell name begins with the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the family resided in Rothwell, a place-name found in the counties of Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire, and the West Riding of Yorkshire. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
The place-name Rothwell is derived from the Old English words roth, which means forest clearing, and wella, which means spring or stream. The place-name as a whole translates as "spring or stream in the summer clearing." [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
In the Domesday Book, [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
compiled in 1086, each of those places was originally listed as Rodewelle.

Early Origins of the Roswell family


The surname Roswell was first found in Lincolnshire where one of the first listings of the family was Robert de Rothewelle who was listed there in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273. Later in the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls, Johanna de Rothewell and Johannes de Rothewell were listed. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)

Early History of the Roswell family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Roswell research.
Another 154 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1563, 1627 and 1640 are included under the topic Early Roswell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Roswell Spelling Variations


Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Roswell include Rothwell, Rathwell, Rosswell, Rosewell and others.

Early Notables of the Roswell family (pre 1700)


Distinguished members of the family include Richard Rothwell, the exorcist, who was born at Bolton (now in Greater Manchester) in 1563. [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
He died in 1627 and was "known as "Bold Rothwell, the Apostle of the North," and famed as an exorcist, who professed to have wonderful contests...
Another 48 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Roswell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Roswell family to Ireland


Some of the Roswell family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 110 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Roswell family to the New World and Oceana


Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Roswell or a variant listed above:

Roswell Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • William Roswell, who landed in Virginia in 1665 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Roswell Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Roswell, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1842 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Roswell Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Mr. John Roswell U.E., (Rosenell) who settled in Carleton [Saint John City], New Brunswick c. 1784 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X

Roswell Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Samuel Roswell, aged 22, a farm labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Berar" in 1875

Contemporary Notables of the name Roswell (post 1700)


  • Roswell Rudd (1935-2017), American Grammy Award-nominated jazz trombonist
  • Roswell Root, American Republican politician, Supervisor of Plymouth Township, Michigan; Elected 1901 [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, September 15) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • Roswell P. Crafts, American politician, Mayor of Holyoke, Massachusetts, 1877, 1882-83 [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 27) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • Roswell S. Sturdivant, American counterfeiter who with his brother Merrick Sturdivant led the 3rd generation of Sturdivant Gang, a family gang of counterfeiters in operation for over 50 years
  • Roswell S. Sturdivant, nicknamed "Bloody Jack" Sturdivant, American counterfeiter who led the Sturdivant Gang, a multi-generational family group of counterfeiters founded in the 1810s
  • Roswell Fenner Cottrell (1814-1892), American Seventh Day Baptist preacher, counsellor, writer, hymnist and poet
  • Roswell Keyes Colcord (1839-1939), American politician, 7th Governor of Nevada (1891-1895)
  • Roswell "Bob" Garst (1898-1977), American farmer and seed company executive, founder of the Garst Seed Company in 1931
  • Roswell Winans (1887-1968), U. S. Marine Corps general and Congressional Medal of Honor recipient
  • Roswell Farnham (b. 1827), American Governor of Vermont

Roswell Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  3. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  4. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  5. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  6. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  7. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, September 15) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  8. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 27) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html

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