Rossister is a name of ancient Anglo-Saxon
origin and comes from the family once having lived in the region of Rochester in Kent
. Rossister is a topographic
surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. Habitation
names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Other local
names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties.
Early Origins of the Rossister family
The surname Rossister was first found in Kent
where the name was first recorded by Bede (c.
730) under the names of Dorubrevi and Hrofoecoestre. The first reference refers to the Briton name that was derived from "duro" meaning "fortress" or "bridge" while the second reference is derived from the Old English word for "roof" CITATION[CLOSE]
Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8)
. Today Rochester is a town in Kent
which dates back to before 43 AD, named Durobrivae by the Romans
. Rochester Castle stands on grounds that have been fortified since the Roman arrival. The Norman keep that was built in 1127 still stands majestically today. Rochester is also a small village in Northumberland
. "This parish, anciently called Rocetter, or Roucestre, comprises about 2370 acres." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Rossister family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rossister research.Another 159 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 155 and 1557 are included under the topic Early Rossister History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Rossister Spelling Variations
Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations
were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Rossister family name include Rochester, Roccester, Wrocester, Wrochester and others.
Early Notables of the Rossister family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Rossister Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rossister family to the New World and Oceana
For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland
, Canada, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Rossister surname or a spelling variation of the name include: John Rochester settled in Virginia in 1638; Elizabeth Rochester settled in Maryland in 1677.