Rosser History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Welsh name Rosser is a patronymic surname created from the Welsh personal name Rosser, which also took the form Rhosier. The surname Rosser was originally ap-Rosser or ap-Rhosier: the distinctive Welsh patronymic prefix "ab" or "ap," means "son of," but the prefix has been assimilated into the surname over the course of time. There has also been suggestion that the name is a Welsh transformation of the Gaelic name "Mac Ruaidhri."

Early Origins of the Rosser family

The surname Rosser was first found in Herefordshire, where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects. The form Rosser was found in Chancery, where a Morres Rosser was recorded in Wales in 1100, in the "Calendar of Proceedings in Chancery" published during the reign of Elizabeth I in the 16th century.

Early History of the Rosser family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rosser research. Another 106 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1200 and 1237 are included under the topic Early Rosser History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Rosser Spelling Variations

Although there are not an extremely large number Welsh surnames, there are an inordinately large number of spelling variations of those surnames. This variety of spellings began almost immediately after the acceptance of surnames within Welsh society. As time progressed, these old Brythonic names were eventually were recorded in English. This process was problematic in that many of the highly inflected sounds of the native language of Wales could not be properly captured in English. Some families, however, did decide to modify their own names to indicate a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even a patriotic affiliation. The name Rosser has seen various spelling variations: Prosser, Prousser, Proser, Prouser, Prossar, Rosser, Roser, Rossear and many more.

Early Notables of the Rosser family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Rosser Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Rosser migration to the United States +

The Welsh migration to North America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries contributed greatly to its rapid development. These migrants were in search of land, work, and freedom. Those Welsh families that survived the long ocean journey were critical to the development of new industries and factories, and to the quick settlement of land. They also added to an ever-growing rich cultural heritage. A search of the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Rosser:

Rosser Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Elizabeth Rosser, who arrived in Virginia in 1643
  • Eliz Rosser, who arrived in Virginia in 1654 [1]
  • Mary Rosser, who arrived in Virginia in 1658 [1]
  • Thomas Rosser, who arrived in Virginia in 1660 [1]
  • Hugh Rosser, who settled in Maryland in 1665
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Rosser Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Samuel Rosser, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1747 [1]
Rosser Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Pedro Rosser, aged 50, who landed in New Orleans, La in 1829 [1]
  • Richard Rosser, who arrived in St Clair County, III in 1862 [1]

Australia Rosser migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Rosser Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Rosser, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Aden" in 1849 [2]
  • J. Rosser, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Childe Harold" in 1849 [3]

New Zealand Rosser migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Rosser Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Rosser, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Annie Wilson" in 1863
  • Frederick E. Rosser, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Queen of Beauty" in 1863
  • Mr. Charles Rosser, (b. 1863), aged Infant, British settler travelling from London, UK aboard the ship "Brothers Pride" arriving in Lyttelton, South Island, New Zealand on 8th December 1863 [4]
  • Mr. John Rosser, (b. 1841), aged 22, British farm labourer travelling from London, UK aboard the ship "Brothers Pride" arriving in Lyttelton, South Island, New Zealand on 8th December 1863 [4]
  • Mrs. Sophia Rosser, (b. 1841), aged 22, British settler travelling from London, UK aboard the ship "Brothers Pride" arriving in Lyttelton, South Island, New Zealand on 8th December 1863 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Rosser (post 1700) +

  • Dois Irvin "D.I." Rosser Jr. (1921-2019), American businessman best known for founding the POMOCO Auto Group
  • Yvette Rosser (b. 1952), American author and scholar
  • John Barkley Rosser (1907-1989), American mathematician
  • J. Allyn Rosser (b. 1957), American poet
  • Thomas Lafayette "Tex" Rosser (1836-1910), American Confederate General
  • John B. Rosser, American politician, Member of New Jersey State House of Assembly from Hudson County, 1921 [5]
  • James Ralph Rosser, American Democrat politician, Member of Georgia State House of Representatives from Walker County, 1926, 1929-32; Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Georgia, 1928 [5]
  • J. C. Rosser, American Republican politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Ohio 4th District, 1906 [5]
  • Everett A. Rosser, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1940, 1956 [5]
  • E. E. Rosser Jr., American politician, Mayor of Bellevue, Nebraska, 1932-36 [5]
  • ... (Another 8 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


Suggested Readings for the name Rosser +

  • 4174 "The Descendants of Benjamin Rosser (1814-1864) and Sarah Griffiths (1820-1895)" by John C. Rosser.

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Aden from London via Plymouth Adealide Arriving September 12th 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849AdenRegister.htm
  3. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CHILDE HAROLD 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849ChildeHarold.htm
  4. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  5. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, March 9) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html


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