Roof History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Roof is one of the names carried to England in the great wave of migration from Normandy following the Norman Conquest in 1066. It is based on the Norman given name Rudolph.

Early Origins of the Roof family

The surname Roof was first found in Norfolk where they held a family seat from early times, soon after the Norman Conquest by Duke William of Normandy in 1066 A.D.

Early History of the Roof family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Roof research. Another 148 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1297, 1332, 1557, 1510 and 1521 are included under the topic Early Roof History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Roof Spelling Variations

Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Roffe, Rolfe, Rolph, Roalph, Roff, Ruff, Rouf and others.

Early Notables of the Roof family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Rough (died 1557), Scottish Protestant martyr, is stated to have been born in 1510, but as he was incorporated in St. Leonard's College in the university of St. Andrews in 1521. He was a close friend of John Knox and was soon summoned before Winram, the vicar-general of St. Andrews. Rough managed...
Another 60 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Roof Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Roof family

Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Roof or a variant listed above: James Rolfe and his wife Elizabeth Rolfe, who arrived in Virginia in 1623 with their son; Barbary Rofe who settled in New England in 1635; William Rofe, who arrived in Barbados in 1635.

Contemporary Notables of the name Roof (post 1700) +

  • Raymond Roof Jr., American politician, Burgess of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, 1960 [1]
  • R. F. Roof, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Ohio, 1960 [1]
  • Philip F. Roof, American Democrat politician, Candidate for New York State Assembly from Yates County, 1934 [1]
  • Lyle T. Roof, American politician, Prohibition Candidate for Michigan State Senate 15th District, 1958, 1960 [1]
  • John Roof, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Montgomery County, 1802-03 [1]
  • Fred O. Roof, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Colorado, 1916 [1]
  • Albert K. Roof (1841-1917), American Democrat politician, Member of Michigan State House of Representatives from Ionia County 1st District, 1871-72; Member of Michigan State Senate 19th District, 1887-88 [1]
  • Adam L. Roof (1810-1885), American politician, Member of Michigan State House of Representatives from Ionia District, 1845; Member of Michigan State Senate 7th District, 1849-50 [1]

  1. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 20) . Retrieved from on Facebook
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