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An excerpt from archives copyright © 2000 - 2016

Irish surnames are all based on the Gaelic language native to Ireland. The original Gaelic form of the name Roney is O Ruanaidh.


The surname Roney was first found in County Down (Irish:An Dún) part of the Province of Ulster, in Northern Ireland, formerly known as county St Mirren.

Those scribes in Ireland during the Middle Ages recorded names as they sounded. Consequently, in this era many people were recorded under different spellings each time their name was written down. Research on the Roney family name revealed numerous spelling variations, including O'Rooney, Rooney, Roony, Roonay, Roney and others.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Roney research. Another 265 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1079 and 1288 are included under the topic Early Roney History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


More information is included under the topic Early Roney Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


A massive amount of Ireland's native population left the island in the 19th century for North America and Australia in hopes of finding more opportunities and an escape from discrimination and oppression. A great portion of these migrants arrived on the eastern shores of the North American continent. Although they were generally poor and destitute, and, therefore, again discriminated against, these Irish people were heartily welcomed for the hard labor involved in the construction of railroads, canals, roadways, and buildings. Many others were put to work in the newly established factories or agricultural projects that were so essential to the development of what would become two of the wealthiest nations in the world. The Great Potato Famine during the late 1840s initiated the largest wave of Iris immigration. Early North American immigration and passenger lists have revealed a number of people bearing the name Roney or a variant listed above:

Roney Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • William Roney, aged 19, landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1803
  • Daniel Roney, aged 24, landed in New Castle or Philadelphia in 1805
  • Catherine Roney, who arrived in New York, NY in 1816
  • Patrick Roney, aged 28, arrived in Mobile County, Ala in 1837
  • Arthur Roney, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1852
  • ...

Roney Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • John Roney, aged 21, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Neptune" in 1834
  • Dan Roney, aged 72, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Neptune" in 1834

Roney Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Mary Roney, aged 25, a domestic servant, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Nashwauk"
  • William Roney (aged 34), a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1856 aboard the ship "Gomelza"

  • Antoine Roney (b. 1963), American jazz tenor and soprano saxophonist
  • Wallace Roney (b. 1960), American hard bop and post-bop trumpeter
  • Matthew Stephen Roney (b. 1980), American Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher
  • Paul Hitch Roney (1921-2006), United States federal judge
  • Kristy Roney, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from New Hampshire, 2008
  • John E. Roney, American Democrat politician, Candidate for New York State Assembly from Delaware County, 1915
  • Terri Roney, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Indiana, 1996
  • W. G. Roney, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Kentucky, 1912
  • James Roney, American politician, Mayor of Vallejo, California, 1914
  • Irving S. Roney, American politician, Representative from New York 9th District, 1890
  • ...

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    Other References

    1. Tepper, Michael Ed & Elizabeth P. Bentley Transcriber. Passenger Arrivals at the Port of Philadelphia 1800-1819. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1986. Print.
    2. O'Hart, John. Irish Pedigress 5th Edition in 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0737-4).
    3. Donovan, George Francis. The Pre-Revolutionary Irish in Massachusetts 1620-1775. Menasha, WI: Geroge Banta Publsihing Co., 1932. Print.
    4. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    5. Woodham-Smith, Cecil. The Great Hunger Ireland 1845-1849. New York: Old Town Books, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-385-3).
    6. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
    7. Land Owners in Ireland. Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1203-3).
    8. Woulfe, Rev. Patrick. Irish Names and Surnames Collected and Edited with Explanatory and Historical Notes. Kansas City: Genealogical Foundation, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-940134-403).
    9. Harris, Ruth-Ann and B. Emer O'Keefe. The Search for Missing Friends Irish Immigrant Advertisements Placed in the Boston Pilot Volume II 1851-1853. Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1991. Print.
    10. MacLysaght, Edward. Irish Families Their Names, Arms and Origins 4th Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2364-7).
    11. ...

    The Roney Family Crest was acquired from the archives. The Roney Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 20 October 2015 at 11:59.

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