A Strathclyde-Briton family from the Scottish/English Borderlands was the first to use the surname Reya. It is a name for a person known as a timid
person. Further research revealed that the name is derived from the Old English word ray,
that referred to a roe
or female deer.
Early Origins of the Reya family
The surname Reya was first found in Cumberland
at Gill, in the parish of Bromfield which belonged to the family from the time of William the Lion, king of Scotland
(died 1214.) "Tradition says, that the original Ray was a faithful adherent of the Scottish monarch, by whom he was greatly esteemed, for his extraordinary swiftness of foot in pursuing the deer and who gave him the estate. The tenure was by a pepper-com rent, with the stipulation, that the name of William should be perpetuated in the family. This was strictly observed from generation to generation, until the latter half of the last [of the 18th] century, when the Mr. William Reay in possession gave to the ' hope of the house ' the name of John. " CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Thomas filius Ray witnessed confirmation by Alexander, son of Walter, of his father's gift to the church of Paisley in 1239. CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
While there is no doubt of the family's origin in the north of England, the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list Reginald le Raye, in Oxfordshire; Nicholas le Ray in Suffolk; and Richard le Ray in Cambridgeshire. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Reya family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Reya research.Another 160 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1487, 1465, 1530, 1558, 1350, 1612, 1376, 1627, 1705, 1671, 1748, 1627, 1705, 1670 and are included under the topic Early Reya History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Reya Spelling Variations
Before the printing press standardized spelling in the last few hundred
years, no general rules existed in the English language. Spelling variations
in Scottish names from the Middle Ages are common even within a single document. Reya has been spelled Rae, Rea, Ree, Ray and others.
Early Notables of the Reya family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was William Rae (d. 1376) a 14th century Bishop of Glasgow.
Centuries later, John Ray (1627-1705) was an English naturalist, who was one of the early botanical and zoological systematists, eponym of the fish named ray.
James Rae (1671-1748), was a Scottish mechanic and historian... Another 70 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Reya Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Reya family to Ireland
Some of the Reya family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 70 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Reya family to the New World and Oceana
For Scottish immigrants, the great expense of travel to North America did not seem such a problem in those unstable times. Acres of land awaited them and many got the chance to fight for their freedom in the American War of Independence
. These Scots and their ancestors went on to play important roles in the forging of the great nations of the United States and Canada. Among them: John Rae who settled in Nevis in 1663; William Rae settled in Philadelphia in 1880; Andrew Rea settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1767.
The Reya Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: In omnia promptus
Motto Translation: Ready for everything.