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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The generations and branches of the Rayner family share a name that has its roots in the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. The name Rayner comes from the baptismal name Rainer, which was taken from the Old Germanic name Raginhari which means counsel and army. Baptismal names began to appear as surnames relatively late in the growth of the naming tradition. This is a little surprising, given the popularity of biblical figures in the Christian countries of Europe. Nevertheless, surnames derived from baptismal names grew in popularity during the Middle Ages, and have become one of the foremost sources for surnames.

Rayner Early Origins



The surname Rayner was first found in Herefordshire. The name was first recorded as Raynerus (Rainerus), a tenant in chief in the Domesday Book of 1086. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
A few years later Reynerus cancellarius was listed in Norfolk in 1101-1125 and Ricardus filius Rainer was listed at Winton in Hampshire in 1148. [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list the name as a personal name: Reyner le Blake in Norfolk; and Reyner Custance in Norfolk. The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 list Anabilla Rayner and Thomas Rayner. [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)

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Rayner Spelling Variations


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Rayner Spelling Variations



Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Rayner include Rayners, Rainor, Rayner, Raynor, Rainer, Raynar, Rainyer, Reyner, Rauner, Raener, Rainar, Raynere, Raynars, Raynors, Raynore, Raynare, Raynair and many more.

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Rayner Early History


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Rayner Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rayner research. Another 189 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1400, 1600 and 1668 are included under the topic Early Rayner History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Rayner Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Rayner Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 18 words (1 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Rayner Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Rayner or a variant listed above:

Rayner Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Mrs. Adam Rayner, who landed in Virginia in 1622
  • Joan Rayner settled in Virginia in 1623 with her husband
  • Joane Rayner, who landed in Virginia in 1624-1625
  • Wassell Rayner, who arrived in Jamestown, Va in 1624
  • Thurston Rayner, aged 13, landed in New England in 1634
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Rayner Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Christian Rayner, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1763

Rayner Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Augustin Rayner, who arrived in New York in 1826

Rayner Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Rayner, English convict from Gloucester, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823
  • William Rayner, aged 52, arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "William Money"
  • Samuel Rayner arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Spartan" in 1849
  • William Rayner, aged 54, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "William Money" in 1849
  • Emily Rayner, aged 19, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "William Money" in 1849
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Rayner Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • William Rayner arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Whitby" in 1841
  • Mary Rayner, aged 27, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Lloyds" in 1842
  • William Rayner, aged 1, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Lloyds" in 1842
  • William Rayner, aged 17, a seravnt, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Mary Ann" in 1842
  • C.F. Rayner arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alma" in 1857
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Contemporary Notables of the name Rayner (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Rayner (post 1700)



  • David Michael "Dave" Rayner (b. 1982), American football placekicker
  • Amy Elizabeth Rayner (b. 1977), birth name of Amy Elizabeth Fearn, an English football referee
  • Michael Rayner (1933-2015), English opera singer, best known for his performances in Savoy Operas with the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company
  • Oliver Philip "Ollie" Rayner (b. 1985), German-born English cricketer
  • Denys Arthur Rayner DSC & Bar, VRD, RNVR (1908-1967), English Royal Navy officer who fought throughout the Battle of the Atlantic and after becasme a successful writer and successful designer and builder of small sailing craft
  • Billy Rayner (1935-2006), Australian rugby league footballer
  • Anthony Edward Charles "Eddie" Rayner (b. 1952), New Zealand musician
  • Claude Earl "Chuck" Rayner (1920-2002), Canadian professional hockey goaltender, inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame
  • Admiral Herbert Rayner, the last Chief of Staff of the Royal Canadian Navy (1960-1963)
  • Sir Derek Rayner, English businessman and Civil servant under Margaret Thatcher
  • ... (Another 4 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Rayner Historic Events


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Rayner Historic Events




HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. Rayner, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died during the sinking

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Rayner Family Crest Products


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Rayner Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823

Other References

  1. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  2. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  3. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  4. Virkus, Frederick A. Ed. Immigrant Ancestors A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America Before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1964. Print.
  5. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  6. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  7. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  8. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  9. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  10. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  11. ...

The Rayner Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Rayner Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 6 January 2016 at 04:02.

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