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Rayner History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms



The generations and branches of the Rayner family share a name that has its roots in the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. The name Rayner comes from the baptismal name Rainer, which was taken from the Old Germanic name Raginhari which means counsel and army. Baptismal names began to appear as surnames relatively late in the growth of the naming tradition. This is a little surprising, given the popularity of biblical figures in the Christian countries of Europe. Nevertheless, surnames derived from baptismal names grew in popularity during the Middle Ages, and have become one of the foremost sources for surnames.

Early Origins of the Rayner family


The surname Rayner was first found in Herefordshire. The name was first recorded as Raynerus (Rainerus), a tenant in chief in the Domesday Book of 1086. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
A few years later Reynerus cancellarius was listed in Norfolk in 1101-1125 and Ricardus filius Rainer was listed at Winton in Hampshire in 1148. [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list the name as a personal name: Reyner le Blake in Norfolk; and Reyner Custance in Norfolk. The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 list Anabilla Rayner and Thomas Rayner. [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)

Early History of the Rayner family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rayner research.
Another 96 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1400, 1600, 1668, 1589, 1651, 1589 and 1610 are included under the topic Early Rayner History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Rayner Spelling Variations


Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Rayner include Rayners, Rainor, Rayner, Raynor, Rainer, Raynar, Rainyer, Reyner, Rauner, Raener, Rainar, Raynere, Raynars, Raynors, Raynore, Raynare, Raynair and many more.

Early Notables of the Rayner family (pre 1700)


Distinguished members of the family include Edward Reyner (Rayner) (1600-c.1668), an English nonconforming clergyman, known as a devotional writer, born in the parish of Morley, near Leeds. Tobie Matthew, Archbishop of York, took some notice of him as a boy, and foretold that he would rise to distinction. Reyner escaped from...
Another 62 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Rayner Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Rayner family to the New World and Oceana


Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Rayner or a variant listed above:

Rayner Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Mrs. Adam Rayner, who landed in Virginia in 1622 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Joan Rayner, who settled in Virginia in 1623 with her husband
  • Joane Rayner, who landed in Virginia in 1624-1625 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Wassell Rayner, who arrived in Jamestown, Va in 1624 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Thurston Rayner, aged 13, who landed in New England in 1634 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Rayner Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Christian Rayner, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1763 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Rayner Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Augustin Rayner, who arrived in New York in 1826 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Rayner Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Rayner, English convict from Gloucester, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823
  • William Rayner, aged 52, who arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "William Money" [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) "WILLIAM MONEY" 1848-49. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849WmMoney.htm
  • Samuel Rayner, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Spartan" in 1849 [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The SPARTAN 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Spartan.htm
  • William Rayner, aged 54, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "William Money" in 1849 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) "WILLIAM MONEY" 1848-49. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849WmMoney.htm
  • Emily Rayner, aged 19, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "William Money" in 1849 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) "WILLIAM MONEY" 1848-49. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849WmMoney.htm
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Rayner Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • William Rayner, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Whitby" in 1841
  • Mary Rayner, aged 27, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Lloyds" in 1842
  • William Rayner, aged 1, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Lloyds" in 1842
  • William Rayner, aged 17, a seravnt, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Mary Ann" in 1842
  • C.F. Rayner, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alma" in 1857
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Rayner (post 1700)


  • David Michael "Dave" Rayner (b. 1982), American football placekicker
  • Samuel Rayner (b. 1850), English water-colour painter, an exhibitor at the Royal Academy and other exhibitions, commencing in 1821
  • Lionel Benjamin Rayner (1788-1855), English actor, born in Heckmondwike in the West Riding of Yorkshire
  • Amy Elizabeth Rayner (b. 1977), birth name of Amy Elizabeth Fearn, an English football referee
  • Michael Rayner (1933-2015), English opera singer, best known for his performances in Savoy Operas with the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company
  • Oliver Philip "Ollie" Rayner (b. 1985), German-born English cricketer
  • Denys Arthur Rayner DSC & Bar, VRD, RNVR (1908-1967), English Royal Navy officer who fought throughout the Battle of the Atlantic and after becasme a successful writer and successful designer and builder of small sailing craft
  • Nicholas Courtauld Rayner (1938-2017), British Army officer with the 11th Hussars and later jewellery expert and auctioneer; head of Sotheby's Geneva office
  • Billy Rayner (1935-2006), Australian rugby league footballer
  • Anthony Edward Charles "Eddie" Rayner (b. 1952), New Zealand musician
  • ... (Another 7 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Rayner family



HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. Rayner, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html

Rayner Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) "WILLIAM MONEY" 1848-49. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849WmMoney.htm
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The SPARTAN 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Spartan.htm
  8. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html

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