Rankine History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Dalriadan clans of ancient Scotland spawned the ancestors of the Rankine family. Their name comes from the personal name Randolph, with the addition of the diminutive suffix -kin.

Early Origins of the Rankine family

The surname Rankine was first found in Ayrshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Inbhir Àir), formerly a county in the southwestern Strathclyde region of Scotland, that today makes up the Council Areas of South, East, and North Ayrshire.

"There is a tradition of descent from one John, son of a knight called Jacob de Rankine, burgomaster of Ghent, who married a daughter of the head of the house of Keith, and became progenitor of the Rankines. " [1] This tradition is difficult to prove but was nevertheless authored by M. H. Rankin, Esq.

Early History of the Rankine family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rankine research. Another 131 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1400, 1600, 1672, 1719, 1587, 1587, 1629 and are included under the topic Early Rankine History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Rankine Spelling Variations

The medieval practice of spelling according to sound and repeated translation between Gaelic and English created many spelling variations of the same name. Rankine has been recorded as Rankin, Ranken, Ranking, Rankene, Rankine and others.

Early Notables of the Rankine family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan from early times was Lieutenant John Rankin (ca 1600s), British Royal Navy, eponym of Rankin Inlet, Canada. Alexander Ramkins (c.1672-1719) was a Scottish adherent of James II, born...
Another 31 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Rankine Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Rankine family to Ireland

Some of the Rankine family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 105 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Rankine migration to the United States +

Descendents of Dalriadan-Scottish families still populate many communities across North America. They are particularly common in Canada, since many went north as United Empire Loyalists at the time of the American War of Independence. Much later, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the highland games and Clan societies that now dot North America sprang up, allowing many Scots to recover their lost national heritage. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America bore the name Rankine, or a variant listed above:

Rankine Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Alexander Rankine, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1764 [2]
Rankine Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • John Rankine, who arrived in New York in 1835 [2]
  • Janet Rankine, who landed in America in 1848 [2]

Australia Rankine migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Rankine Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mary Rankine, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Fairfield" in 1839 [3]
  • James Rankine, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Fairfield" in 1839 [3]
  • Matthew Rankine, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Fairfield" in 1839 [3]
  • Janet Rankine, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Fairfield" in 1839 [3]
  • Sarah Rankine, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Fairfield" in 1839 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Rankine migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Rankine Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Miss Elizabeth Rankine, (b. 1836), aged 24, British domestic servant travelling from Bristol aboard the ship "Matoaka" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 2nd December 1860 [4]
  • Mr. Robert Rankine, (b. 1839), aged 22, Scottish joiner from Lanarkshire travelling from London aboard the ship "Victoria" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 30th March 1862 [5]

Contemporary Notables of the name Rankine (post 1700) +

  • de Lancey Rankine, American Democrat politician, Candidate for Presidential Elector for New York, 1920 [6]
  • William John Macquorn Rankine (1820-1872), Scottish engineer, son of David Rankine (d. 1870), engineer
  • Mr. Craig Rankine M.B.E., Q.P.M., British Inspector for Police Service of Scotland, was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire on 29th December 2018 for services to Law and Order and Young People [7]
  • Michael Lee Rankine (b. 1985), English footballer
  • Simon Mark Rankine (b. 1969), English former footballer
  • Robert Scade "Scotty" Rankine (1909-1995), Canadian Olympic athlete
  • William Rankine Milligan PC, KC (1898-1971), Scottish Tory politician and judge

Halifax Explosion
  • Mrs. Helen B.  Rankine (1844-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [8]


The Rankine Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Fortiter et recte
Motto Translation: Boldly and rightly.


  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) FAIRFIELD 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Fairfield.htm
  4. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  5. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  6. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, February 10) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  7. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018, www.thegazette.co.uk/honours-lists
  8. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance


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