Early Origins of the Rainfyrth family
The surname Rainfyrth was first found in Lancashire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor of Rainford. The early history of this name is obscure since there wasn't a Rainford recorded in Lancashire
at the time of the taking of the Domesday Book
in 1086. The earliest record of the name was Raineford which was listed in Merseyside in 1198 CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
. They are descended from Rayne, in Essex
, which was held in 1086, before and after, by the Bishop of London. Rayne was also held by Roger de Raismes, a companion in Arms to William Duke of Normandy
at the Battle of Hastings, and from this latter noble we can assume they moved north into Lancashire
. Roger was from the Castle of Rames in Normandy
to the west of Bolbec, in the arrondisement of Havre. The family retained their ties with Essex
as we shall see.
Early History of the Rainfyrth family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rainfyrth research.Another 231 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1350, 1550 and 1690 are included under the topic Early Rainfyrth History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Rainfyrth Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. When the Normans
became the ruling people of England
in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Rainford, Rainsford, Raynsford, Raynford, Rayneford and many more.
Early Notables of the Rainfyrth family (pre 1700)
Another 18 words (1 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Rainfyrth Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rainfyrth family to Ireland
Some of the Rainfyrth family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 33 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rainfyrth family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England
. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Rainfyrth or a variant listed above were: Edward and Mrs. Rainsford, and their son Edward, who arrived in Salem, Massachusetts in 1630; Captain Rainford who settled with his wife and three children in Jamaica in 1774.