Early Origins of the Rainford family
The surname Rainford was first found in Lancashire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor of Rainford. The early history of this name is obscure since there wasn't a Rainford recorded in Lancashire
at the time of the taking of the Domesday Book
in 1086. The earliest record of the name was Raineford which was listed in Merseyside in 1198 CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
. They are descended from Rayne, in Essex
, which was held in 1086, before and after, by the Bishop of London. Rayne was also held by Roger de Raismes, a companion in Arms to William Duke of Normandy
at the Battle of Hastings, and from this latter noble we can assume they moved north into Lancashire
. Roger was from the Castle of Rames in Normandy
to the west of Bolbec, in the arrondisement of Havre. The family retained their ties with Essex
as we shall see.
Early History of the Rainford family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rainford research.Another 231 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1350, 1550 and 1690 are included under the topic Early Rainford History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Rainford Spelling Variations
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Rainford, Rainsford, Raynsford, Raynford, Rayneford and many more.
Early Notables of the Rainford family (pre 1700)
Another 18 words (1 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Rainford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rainford family to Ireland
Some of the Rainford family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 33 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rainford family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Rainford or a variant listed above:
Rainford Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Randall Rainford, who arrived in Maryland in 1677 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
Rainford Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Captain Rainford who settled with his wife and three children settled in Jamaica in 1774
- Captain Rainford, who settled in Jamaica in 1774, with his wife and three children
Contemporary Notables of the name Rainford (post 1700)
- David John Rainford (b. 1979), English footballer
- John Rainford (b. 1961), former British vice-president at Symantec
- Phil Rainford, former British singer and music producer, who formed part of the Manchester music scene
- Robert Rainford, Canadian chef and host of Licence to Grill
- Simone Rainford (b. 1975), British female R&B singer