Pyken is a name of ancient Norman origin. It arrived in England
with the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Pyken family lived in Northampton
. Their name, however, is a reference to Picquigny,
in Somme, Normandy
, the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest
in 1066. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
Early Origins of the Pyken family
The surname Pyken was first found in Northampton
where the family claim descent from Gilo de Pincheni, who lived in the reign of Henry I. He was granted by the monks of St. Lucien in France lands at Wedon. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Wulfhere, the first Christian king of Mercia, had a palace here, which, after his death, was converted by his daughter Werburgh into a nunnery, of which she became abbess, and which was destroyed by the Danes in the ninth century. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Ansculfus de Pinchengi was listed in the Domesday Book
of 1086 as holding lands in Berkshire. CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
Early History of the Pyken family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pyken research.Another 329 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1303, 1599 and 1674 are included under the topic Early Pyken History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Pyken Spelling Variations
Multitudes of spelling variations
are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans
introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Pinkney, Pinckney, Pinkley, Pinkly, Pinkie and others.
Early Notables of the Pyken family (pre 1700)
Another 28 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pyken Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Pyken family to the New World and Oceana
Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland
, North America, and Australia
in enormous numbers, travelling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England
. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Pyken or a variant listed above: Henry Pinkie settled in Virginia in 1619.