Although the Irish had their own system of hereditary surnames
and the Strongbow
settlers brought with them their own Anglo-Norman naming practices, the two traditions generally worked well together. The name Purtell is an occupational
surname, a form of hereditary name that existed in both cultures long before the invaders arrived, but more common to the Anglo-Norman culture. Occupational
surnames were derived from a word describing the actual job done by the original name bearer. Early Strongbownian names of this type often used the prefix le, meaning the, in French, but the use of this prefix did not last in the language of the vernacular. The surname Purtell came from a common occupational name for a swineherd. The surname Purtell is derived from the Norman-French word porcel, which in turn comes from the Latin word porcus, which means pig or piglet. Occupational
names such as Purtell frequently were derived from the principal object associated with the activity of the original bearer, such as tools or products. These types of occupational surnames are called metonymic
surnames. The Gaelic form of the surname Purtell is Puirséil.
Early Origins of the Purtell family
The surname Purtell was first found in Surrey
and later in County Tipperary
. As many Norman families, they accompanied Strongbow
in the Anglo- Norman invasion
in 1172. The English branch in Surrey
continued their stronghold in Surrey
for many years. As far as the Irish branch is concerned, it is generally believed that Sir Hugh Purcell, a Strongbow
knight was the progenitor of the family in Ireland
. His grandson, another Sir Hugh married Beatrix, daughter of Theobald FitzWalter, Chief Butler of Ireland
about 1204 and received Loghmoe (Loughmore,) a village in North Tipperary
as a wedding present. CITATION[CLOSE]
MacLysaght, Edward, Irish Families Their Names, Arms and Origins 4th Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2364-7)
A direct line of the family continued until 1722 with the death of Nicholas Purcell, 13th Baron
Early History of the Purtell family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Purtell research.Another 185 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1172, 1665, 1660, 1665, 1659, 1695, 1664, 1717, 1651 and 1691 are included under the topic Early Purtell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Purtell Spelling Variations
Church officials and medieval scribes often spelled early surnames as they sounded. This practice often resulted in many spelling variations
of even a single name. Early versions of the name Purtell included: Purcell, Purcel, Pursell, Purcill, Purcells, Percell, Porcell, Percill, Persell, Percel, Pirsell, Porcill, Porsell, Purcelle, Purcele, Persells, Pursells, Purcels, Porcells, Purchell, Purscel, Purtill and many more.
Early Notables of the Purtell family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family up to this time was John Purcell (died 1665), Welsh
politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1665; Henry Purcell (1659-1695), generally considered England's greatest composer of the Baroque era; his younger brother Daniel Purcell (1664-1717) was... Another 44 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Purtell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Purtell family to the New World and Oceana
The Irish emigration during the late 18th and 19th century contributed to the melting pot of nationalities in North America, and the building of a whole new era of industry and commerce in what was seen as a rich, new land. Ireland's Great Potato Famine
resulted in the worst economic and social conditions in the island's history. And in response to the hunger, disease, and poverty, during this decade the total number of emigrants to leave for North America rivaled all the previous years combined. Those from this decade that arrived on North American shores were not warmly welcomed by the established population, but they were vital to the rapid development of the industry, agriculture, and infrastructure of the infant nations of the United States and what would become Canada. Research into early immigration and passenger lists has shown many people bearing the name Purtell:
Purtell Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Mary Purtell, who arrived in Virginia in 1703 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
Purtell Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Thomas Purtell, aged 21, originally from Co. Clare, Ireland, who arrived in New York in 1893 aboard the ship "Servia" from Liverpool, England CITATION[CLOSE]
"New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6B3-JM3 : 6 December 2014), Thomas Purtell, 06 Mar 1893; citing departure port Liverpool, arrival port New York, ship name Servia, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
- Will Purtell, aged 25, originally from Ballinagool, Ireland, who arrived in New York in 1897 aboard the ship "Umbria" from Queenstown, Ireland CITATION[CLOSE]
"New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JX4C-GM7 : 6 December 2014), Will Purtell, 22 Jun 1897; citing departure port Queenstown, arrival port New York, ship name Umbria, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
Purtell Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- John Purtell, aged 41, who arrived in New York in 1919 aboard the ship "Espagne" from Le Havre, France CITATION[CLOSE]
"New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J67Y-Z6X : 6 December 2014), John Purtell, 16 Jun 1919; citing departure port Le Havre, arrival port New York, ship name Espagne, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
Contemporary Notables of the name Purtell (post 1700)
- William Arthur Purtell (1897-1978), American Republican politician, Served in the U.S. Army during World War I; Inventor; Business executive; Candidate for Governor of Connecticut, 1950; U.S. Senator from Connecticut, 1952, 1953-59; Appointed 1952; Defeated, 1958; Delegate to Republican National Convention from Connecticut, 1956
- Thomas M. Purtell, American Republican politician, Wisconsin State Treasurer, 1904-05
- Martin T. Purtell, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1936; Chair of Chemung County Democratic Party, 1936-41
- Thomas M. Purtell, American politician from Wisconsin
- L. Mark Purtell (b. 1891), long-time minor league baseball player and manager
- William Arthur Purtell (1897-1978), American businessman and politician
- William Patrick "Billy" Purtell (1886-1962), American baseball third baseman
- Adrian Purtell (b. 1985), Australian rugby league footballer
The Purtell Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Aut vincam aut periam
Motto Translation: Either conquer or perish.