Show ContentsPoyner History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Poyner surname comes from the Old French word "poigneor," meaning "fighter, " from the Latin pugnus meaning "fist;" and as such was a nickname for someone who was "handy with his fists."

Early Origins of the Poyner family

The surname Poyner was first found in Essex where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. The Norman influence of English history diminished after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The language of the courts was French for the next three centuries and the Norman ambience prevailed. And Norman surnames survived and the family name was first referenced in the year 1220 when Geoffrey Poyner (Poigner) held lands.

Early History of the Poyner family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Poyner research. Another 154 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1455, 1487, 1510, 1600 and 1982 are included under the topic Early Poyner History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Poyner Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Poyner, Poiner, Poigner, Puinur, Punyer, Poigneor, Poynes and many more.

Early Notables of the Poyner family

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was

  • the Poyner family of Essex

Poyner Ranking

In the United States, the name Poyner is the 13,676th most popular surname with an estimated 2,487 people with that name. 1

United States Poyner migration to the United States +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Poyner Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Ambrose Poyner, who arrived in Virginia in 1639 2
  • Elizabet Poyner, who arrived in Virginia in 1677
  • Thomas Poyner, who arrived in Maryland in 1685
Poyner Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • David Poyner, who settled in Virginia in 1728

Australia Poyner migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Poyner Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Poyner, (b. 1817), aged 22, Cornish labourer travelling aboard the ship "Orient" arriving in New South Wales, Australia on 4th April 1839 3
  • Edwin Poyner, aged 20, a miner, who arrived in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship "Henry Moore"

New Zealand Poyner migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Poyner Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • George Poyner, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Portland" in 1864
  • Ann Poyner, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Portland" in 1864
  • James Poyner, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Portland" in 1864

West Indies Poyner migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. 4
Poyner Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Peter Poyner, who settled in Barbados in 1668
  • Ann Poyner, who settled in Barbados in 1671

Contemporary Notables of the name Poyner (post 1700) +

  • John Poyner (b. 1933), American Academy Award wining sound editor, known for his award winning work on The Dirty Dozen (1967)
  • Robert William "Bobby" Poyner (b. 1992), American professional baseball pitcher for the Boston Red Sox (2018-)
  • John Poyner, District Attorney for Colusa County, California

  1. "What are the 5,000 Most Common Last Names in the U.S.?".,
  2. Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, May 30). Ships' Passenger Lists of Arrivals in New South Wales on (1828 - 1842, 1848 - 1849) [PDF]. Retrieved from
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