In ancient Scotland
, Polage was a Strathclyde-Briton name for someone who lived at Pollok (Gaelic:Pollag), a large district on the south-western side of the city of Glasgow, home to Crookston Castle, where Mary, Queen of Scots, was once held. The name of the town has Gaelic origins, from the word 'poll', meaning "pool" or "pit".
Early Origins of the Polage family
The surname Polage was first found in Renfrewshire
(Gaelic: Siorrachd Rinn Friù), a historic county of Scotland
, today encompassing the Council Areas of Renfrew
, East Renfrewshire
, and Iverclyde, in the Strathclyde region of southwestern Scotland, where the first occurrence of the name is Peter, son of Fulbert or Fulburt who was granted the lands of Upper Pollock by the High Steward, and who took the surname from the lands, making him the first Pollock. Peter gave the church of Pulloc and its pertinents to the monastery of Paisley, sometime between 1177 and 1199. Within that same period of time, he also confirmed the charter of his brother Helias of Perthic to the same house. Peter also possessed lands in Moray and circa 1175, he witnessed the charter by William the Lion granting Burgin to the Abbey of Kinlos.
Circa 1230, Murial de Polloc, a daughter of Peter, gifted her land of Inuerorkel and all its pertinents for the benefit of the hospital erected beside the bridge of Spey for the reception of travelers. Continuing this pattern of generosity, Robert de Pollok granted to the monastery of Paisley, during the reign of Alexander II, alms of twelve pennies a year from the rents he earned from his lands. Other important Pollocks include John Pollok who was both steward of the Abbey of Arbroath and sheriff of Forfar.
Early History of the Polage family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Polage research.Another 300 words (21 lines of text) covering the years 1234, 1272, 1590, 1603, and 1827 are included under the topic Early Polage History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Polage Spelling Variations
Prior to the first dictionaries, scribes spelled words according to sound. This, and the fact that Scottish names were repeatedly translated from Gaelic to English and back, contributed to the enormous number of spelling variations
in Scottish names. Polage has been spelled Pollock, Pollocke, Polk, Polke, Pollok, Pollick, Polloch, Pook, Pooke, Poock, Pogue, Poag, Poage, Poague, Poak and many more.
Early Notables of the Polage family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Polage Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Polage family to Ireland
Some of the Polage family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 300 words (21 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Polage family to the New World and Oceana
In such difficult times, the difficulties of raising the money to cross the Atlantic to North America did not seem so large compared to the problems of keeping a family together in Scotland
. It was a journey well worth the cost, since it was rewarded with land and freedom the Scots could not find at home. The American War of Independence
solidified that freedom, and many of those settlers went on to play important parts in the forging of a great nation. Among them: Robert Pollock of Ayrshire
who migrated to the United States, and was a direct ancestor of President James Knox Polk. Most Polks settled in South Carolina, New England
and Upper Canada. Robert Poage settled in Virginia in 1740.
The Polage Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Audacter et strenue
Motto Translation: Boldly and earnestly.