name Pitford comes from when the family resided in the parish of Pitchford found in Shropshire.
Early Origins of the Pitford family
The surname Pitford was first found in Shropshire
at Pitchford, a small village and parish, in the union of Atcham, hundred
of Condover where the village derives its name from the strong pitchy smell that emanates from the oily substance that frequently covers the surface of the water. Hence the place means "ford near a place where pitch if found," from the Old English words "pic" + "ford." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
The Domesday Book
of 1086 lists the place as Piceforde CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
and also lists Pitchford Hall as "Edric, and Leofric and Wulfric held it as thress manors; they were free." Today Pitchford Hall is a large Grade I listed Tudor country house that was mostly rebuilt c. 1560. Portions of the Roman Watling Street runs through the grounds. Early records show that Geoffrey de Pykeford, a crusader, was Lord of the Manor from 1272. He also built the local
church of St Michael
, which contains an oak effigy of him.
Early History of the Pitford family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pitford research.Another 127 words (9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pitford History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Pitford Spelling Variations
The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries; therefore, spelling variations
are common among early Anglo-Saxon
names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people's names evolved. Pitford has been recorded under many different variations, including Pickford, Pitchford, Picford, Pichford, Pitford and others.
Early Notables of the Pitford family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Pitford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Pitford family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England
made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Pitford or a variant listed above:
Pitford Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Peter Pitford, who arrived in Marblehead, Massachusetts in 1648 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- John Pitford, who arrived in Barbados in 1689