The Pinnow history begins in Cornwall
, a rugged coastal region in southwestern England
. Quite distinct from Devon
, the adjoining county, Cornwall
had its own spoken language until the late 18th century. The Pinnow history began here. The manner in which hereditary surnames
arose is interesting. Local
surnames were derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic
names, the Cornish predominantly used local
surnames. The Pinnow family originally lived in Cornwall, in the parish of St. Pinnock.
Early Origins of the Pinnow family
The surname Pinnow was first found in Cornwall
where they held a family seat
from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.
Early History of the Pinnow family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pinnow research.Another 144 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pinnow History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Pinnow Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations
often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall
and the rest of England
. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic
language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Pinnock, Pincock, Pinnick, Pinock, Pinoke and others.
Early Notables of the Pinnow family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Pinnow Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Pinnow family to the New World and Oceana
In the immigration and passenger lists were a number of people bearing the name Pinnow Edward and John Pinnick, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1684; Henry Pinnock settled in Virginia in 1759; John Pincock settled in Maryland in 1774.