An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Cornwall, one of the original six "Celtic nations" is the homeland to the surname Pinnick. A revival of the Cornish language which began in the 9th century AD has begun. No doubt this was the language spoken by distant forebears of the Pinnick family. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames were adopted in medieval England is fascinating. Many Cornish surnames appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames. The name Pinnick is a local type of surname and the Pinnick family lived in Cornwall, in the parish of St. Pinnock.
The surname Pinnick was first found in Cornwall where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Pinnock, Pincock, Pinnick, Pinock, Pinoke and others.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pinnick research. Another 144 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pinnick History in all our PDF Extended History products.
More information is included under the topic Early Pinnick Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Pinnick were
Pinnick Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
The Pinnick Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Pinnick Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 6 August 2012 at 17:44.