Pickford History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Pickford belongs to the early history of Britain, it's origins lie with the Anglo-Saxons. It is a product of their having lived in the parish of Pitchford found in Shropshire.

Early Origins of the Pickford family

The surname Pickford was first found in Shropshire at Pitchford, a small village and parish, in the union of Atcham, hundred of Condover where the village derives its name from the strong pitchy smell that emanates from the oily substance that frequently covers the surface of the water. Hence the place means "ford near a place where pitch if found," from the Old English words "pic" + "ford." [1] The Domesday Book of 1086 lists the place as Piceforde [2] and also lists Pitchford Hall as "Edric, and Leofric and Wulfric held it as thress manors; they were free." Today Pitchford Hall is a large Grade I listed Tudor country house that was mostly rebuilt c. 1560. Portions of the Roman Watling Street runs through the grounds. Early records show that Geoffrey de Pykeford, a crusader, was Lord of the Manor from 1272. He also built the local church of St Michael, which contains an oak effigy of him.

Important Dates for the Pickford family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pickford research. Another 64 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pickford History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Pickford Spelling Variations

Until the dictionary, an invention of only the last few hundred years, the English language lacked any comprehensive system of spelling rules. Consequently, spelling variations in names are frequently found in early Anglo-Saxon and later Anglo-Norman documents. One person's name was often spelled several different ways over a lifetime. The recorded variations of Pickford include Pickford, Pitchford, Picford, Pichford, Pitford and others.

Early Notables of the Pickford family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Pickford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Pickford migration to the United States

Thousands of English families boarded ships sailing to the New World in the hope of escaping the unrest found in England at this time. Although the search for opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad took the lives of many because of the cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels, the opportunity perceived in the growing colonies of North America beckoned. Many of the settlers who survived the journey went on to make important contributions to the transplanted cultures of their adopted countries. The Pickford were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records:

Pickford Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Susan Pickford, who settled in Barbados in 1659
  • Mary Pickford, who arrived in Virginia in 1663 with her husband
Pickford Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Joseph Pickford, a bonded passenger, who settled in America in 1725
  • Mark Pickford, who settled in Maryland in 1737
Pickford Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Isaac Pickford, aged 28, who landed in New York in 1812 [3]
  • Isaac and John Pickford, who both arrived in New York in 1820
  • John Pickford, who arrived in Mississippi in 1844 [3]

Pickford migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Pickford Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Alfred Pickford, aged 33, a carpenter, who arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "Marshall Bennett" [4]

Pickford migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Pickford Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Rosa E. Pickford, aged 21, a servant, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Rimutaka" in 1885

Contemporary Notables of the name Pickford (post 1700)

  • Jack Pickford (1896-1933), Canadian-born American actor, brother of filmstar Mary Pickford
  • Thomas H. Pickford, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from District of Columbia, 1912, 1916 [5]
  • Cornelius R. B. Pickford, American politician, U.S. Consular Agent in Cebu, 1884 [5]
  • Martin Pickford (b. 1943), English paleontologist
  • William Pickford PC (1848-1923), 1st Baron Sterndale, British lawyer and judge, Lord Justice of Appeal between 1914 and 1918
  • The Honourable Mary Ada Pickford CBE (1884-1934), British politician, industrialist and historian
  • Lottie Pickford (1893-1936), Canadian-born silent film actress, socialite, and sister to Mary Pickford
  • Kevin Patrick Pickford (b. 1975), retired Major League Baseball pitcher
  • Mary Pickford (1892-1979), born Glayds Louise Smith, Canadian Academy Award-winning motion picture star, co-founder of the film studio United Artists and one of the original 36 founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

Citations

  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ South Australian Register Friday 29 April 1853. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Marshall Bennett 1853. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/marshallbennett1853.shtml.
  5. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 20) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
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