Pickering History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The lineage of the name Pickering begins with the Anglo-Saxon tribes in Britain. It is a result of when they lived in the parish of Pickering found in the North Riding of Yorkshire. Pickering is a habitation name that was originally derived from the pre-existing name for a parish. It was originally derived from the Old English word Picora which referred to those individuals who lived at the edge of a hill.

Early Origins of the Pickering family

The surname Pickering was first found in the North Riding of Yorkshire at Pickering, a market-town and parish, and the head of a union, in Pickering lythe. "The origin of this place is said to be very remote, being dated by tradition 270 years before the commencement of the Christian era, and ascribed to Peridurus, a British king, who was interred here, on the brow of a hill called Rawcliff. According to local tradition, also, its name is derived from the circumstance of a ring having been lost by the founder whilst washing in the river Costa, and subsequently found in the belly of a pike." [1]

Some of the earliest records of the family were Sir James Pickering ( fl. 1383), Speaker of the House of Commons, was son of Sir John Pickering of Killington, Westmorland. The family had been established at Killington since 1260. Thomas Pickering (died 1475) was an early English genealogist and was presumably a native of Pickering, Yorkshire. [2]

Early History of the Pickering family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pickering research. Another 131 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1544, 1596, 1592, 1611, 1668, 1613, 1668, 1654, 1618, 1701, 1654, 1592 and 1637 are included under the topic Early Pickering History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Pickering Spelling Variations

Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Pickering has undergone many spelling variations, including Puckering, Pickering, Pykering, Pikering and others.

Early Notables of the Pickering family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Sir John Puckering (1544-1596), an English lawyer, politician, Speaker of the English House of Commons, and Lord Keeper from 1592 until his death; Sir Gilbert Pickering, 1st Baronet (1611-1668), a regicide, a member of the English Council of State during the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell, and a member of Cromwell's Upper House; Sir Henry Pickering, 1st Baronet (1613-1668), an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons in...
Another 78 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pickering Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Pickering migration to the United States +

To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Pickering were among those contributors:

Pickering Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Edward Pickering, who arrived in America in 1620 [3]
  • George Pickering who settled in Salem Massachusetts in 1630
  • John Pickering, who arrived in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1638 [3]
  • John Pickering, who settled in Virginia in 1653
  • Joan Pickering, who landed in Virginia in 1653 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Pickering Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Joseph Pickering, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [3]
  • Mary Pickering, aged 18, who arrived in New York in 1864 [3]
  • William H Pickering, aged 22, who landed in New York in 1864 [3]
  • Thomas Pickering, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1868 [3]

Canada Pickering migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Pickering Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • William Pickering, who settled in St. John's, Newfoundland in 1704 [4]
  • Samuel Pickering, who settled in Nova Scotia in 1774
  • Samuel Pickering, aged 23, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1774
  • Mr. William Pickering U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [5]
Pickering Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Joseph Pickering, who settled in Catalina, Newfoundland in 1836 [4]
  • Miss. Sarah Pickering, aged 13 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Goliah" departing from the port of Goliah, Liverpool but died on Grosse Isle in July 1847 [6]
  • Mr. Gibson Pickering who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Goliah" departing 21st May 1847 from Liverpool, England; the ship arrived on 18th July 1847 but he died on board [7]

Australia Pickering migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Pickering Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Pickering, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Asia" in 1839 [8]
  • Mary Ann Pickering, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Asia" in 1839 [8]
  • Ed. Pickering, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "John Woodall" in 1849 [9]
  • John Pickering, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Stebonheath" in 1849 [10]
  • Dennis Pickering, aged 28, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Medina" [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Pickering migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Pickering Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Pickering, Australian settler travelling from Sydney aboard the ship "Earl of Lonsdale" arriving in Bay of Islands, North Island, New Zealand on 11th April 1841 [12]
  • William Pickering, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1861
  • Charlotte Pickering, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1861
  • Elizabeth Pickering, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1861
  • Thomas Pickering, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1861
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Pickering (post 1700) +

  • Norman C. Pickering (1916-2015), American engineer, musical instrument designer, inventor, co-founder of the Audio Engineering Society
  • Brigadier-General James Arthur Pickering (1891-1983), American Commanding Officer Artillery, 8th Division (1942-1945) [13]
  • Thomas Reeve Pickering (b. 1931), American Ambassador to the United Nations from 1989 to 1992
  • Edward Charles Pickering (1846-1919), American astronomer and physicist
  • George W. Pickering, American politician, Mayor of Bangor, Maine, 1853-54
  • Frederick M. Pickering, American politician, Delegate to New Hampshire State Constitutional Convention from Newington, 1956
  • Emery G. Pickering, American politician, Prohibition Candidate for New York State Assembly from Broome County 2nd District, 1918
  • Charles Willis Pickering Jr. (b. 1963), American Republican politician, Legislative aide to U.S. Senator Trent Lott, 1992-96; U.S. Representative from Mississippi 3rd District, 1997-2009; Delegate to Republican National Convention from Mississippi, 2004, 2008;
  • Charles Willis Pickering Sr. (b. 1937), American Republican politician, Member of Mississippi State Senate, 1972-80; Mississippi Republican State Chair, 1976-78; Candidate for Mississippi State Attorney General, 1979;
  • Charles W. Pickering Jr., American politician, Mayor of Westland, Michigan, 1982-85
  • ... (Another 23 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. William E.  Pickering (1863-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
  • Mrs. Margaret  Pickering, Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
  • Miss Viola  Pickering (1917-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
  • Mrs. Alice  Pickering (1868-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
  • Mr. R. L.  Pickering (1885-1917), English 2nd Officer aboard the SS Curaca from Liverpool, England, United Kingdom who died in the explosion [14]
  • ... (Another 1 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Cornwall
  • Vincent Pickering (d. 1942), British Stoker 1st Class aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [15]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Harry Pickering (b. 1914), English Stoker Petty Officer serving for the Royal Navy from Sheffield, Yorkshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [16]


  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  5. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  6. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 51)
  7. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 92)
  8. ^ State Library of South Australia. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) ASIA 1839 from London with Captain Benjamin Freeman and 245 passengers, arrived Port Adelaide on 16-07-1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Asia-list.htm
  9. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) JOHN WOODALL 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849JohnWoodall.htm
  10. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) STEBONHEATH 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Stebonheath.htm
  11. ^ South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) MEDINA 1852. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/medina1852.shtml
  12. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  13. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2014, March 26) James Pickering. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Pickering/James_Arthur/USA.html
  14. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  15. ^ Force Z Survivors Crew List HMS Cornwall (Retrieved 2018, February 13th) - Retrieved from https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listcornwallcrew.html#A
  16. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm


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