The name Picfeard first arose amongst the Anglo-Saxon
tribes of Britain. It is derived from their having lived in the parish of Pitchford found in Shropshire.
Early Origins of the Picfeard family
The surname Picfeard was first found in Shropshire
at Pitchford, a small village and parish, in the union of Atcham, hundred
of Condover where the village derives its name from the strong pitchy smell that emanates from the oily substance that frequently covers the surface of the water. Hence the place means "ford near a place where pitch if found," from the Old English words "pic" + "ford." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
The Domesday Book
of 1086 lists the place as Piceforde CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
and also lists Pitchford Hall as "Edric, and Leofric and Wulfric held it as thress manors; they were free." Today Pitchford Hall is a large Grade I listed Tudor country house that was mostly rebuilt c. 1560. Portions of the Roman Watling Street runs through the grounds. Early records show that Geoffrey de Pykeford, a crusader, was Lord of the Manor from 1272. He also built the local
church of St Michael
, which contains an oak effigy of him.
Early History of the Picfeard family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Picfeard research.Another 127 words (9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Picfeard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Picfeard Spelling Variations
One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations
under which the name Picfeard has appeared include Pickford, Pitchford, Picford, Pichford, Pitford and others.
Early Notables of the Picfeard family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Picfeard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Picfeard family to the New World and Oceana
At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England
was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England
at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Picfeard arrived in North America very early: Susan Pickford, who came to Barbados in 1659; Mary Pickford, who arrived in Virginia in 1663 with her husband; John Pitford arrived in Barbados in 1689.