Phillips History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancestors of the bearers of the name Phillips were the ancient Britons that inhabited in the hills and Moors of Wales. This surname was derived from the personal name Philip. This name, which was usually Latinized as Philippus, was originally derived from the Greek name Philippos. This Greek name was composed of the words "philein," which means "to love," and "hippos," which means "horse." The personal name Philip owed its popularity to the medieval romances about Alexander the Great, whose father was Philip of Macedon.

Philip of Poiters (died 1208?) was Bishop of Durham and a favourite clerk of Richard I. He accompanied the latter on his crusade of 1189, and was present at his marriage with Berengaria of Navarre at Cyprus in 1191. [1]

Early Origins of the Phillips family

The surname Phillips was first found in Kent, where legend has it that the family (but not the surname) is descended from Maximus, the Briton, Roman Emperor from 383 until his death in 388, and the King of Britain, when he married the daughter of Octavius, King of the Britons. Later the family was forced back into Wales by the invading Saxons, where they traditionally claim descent from Tudwal (c.AD 528-564) "of the wounded knee," a descendant of Rhodri Mawr, first King of Wales.

Early History of the Phillips family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Phillips research. Another 160 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1275, 1279, 1560, 1614, 1500, 1588, 1586, 1638, 1604, 1629, 1613, 1680, 1640, 1640, 1644, 1674, 1749, 1676, 1709, 1701, 1570, 1533, 1594, 1674, 1653, 1662, 1630, 1696, 1631, 1706, 1638, 1699, 1640, 1720, 1675, 1749, 1566, 1566, 1566, 1724, 1721 and are included under the topic Early Phillips History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Phillips Spelling Variations

There are relatively few surnames native to Wales, but they have an inordinately large number of spelling variations. Early variations of Welsh surnames can be explained by the fact that very few people in the early Middle Ages were literate. Priests and the few other literate people were responsible for recording names in official documents. And because most people could not specific how to properly record their names it was up to the individual recorder of that time to determine how a spoken name should be recorded. Variations due to the imprecise or improper recording of a name continued later in history when names originally composed in the Brythonic Celtic, language of Wales, known by natives as Cymraeg, were transliterated into English. Welsh names that were documented in English often changed dramatically since the native language of Wales, which was highly inflected, did not copy well. Occasionally, however, spelling variations were carried out according to an individual's specific design: a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations could be indicated by minor variations. The spelling variations of the name Phillips have included Phillips, Philips, Phillip, Philip, Pilip, Pillips, Fillip, Filip, Filips, Phillipes, Philipes, Phillup, Philups, Fillups, Filups, Pilups, Pillups, Fulop and many more.

Early Notables of the Phillips family (pre 1700)

Prominent amongst the family during the late Middle Ages was Sion Phylip (1543-1620), Welsh poet, son of Phylip ap Morgan; Sir Robert Phelips (1560-1614), English Speaker of the House of Commons and master of the rolls, was fourth and youngest son of Thomas Phelips (1500-1588) of Montacute, Somerset. Miles Philips ( fl. 1587), was an English mariner with Captain John Hawkyns on his voyage of 1568. He and another 114 were put ashore near Panuco, Mexico. They were captured and indentured as domestic servants. Philips also worked in a mine where over four years accumulated some four thousand pieces of eight. During the...
Another 270 words (19 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Phillips Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Phillips World Ranking

In the United States, the name Phillips is the 45th most popular surname with an estimated 370,563 people with that name. [2] However, in Canada, the name Phillips is ranked the 102nd most popular surname with an estimated 27,536 people with that name. [3] And in Newfoundland, Canada, the name Phillips is the 335th popular surname with an estimated 137 people with that name. [4] Australia ranks Phillips as 55th with 36,983 people. [5] New Zealand ranks Phillips as 33rd with 5,630 people. [6] The United Kingdom ranks Phillips as 45th with 86,032 people. [7] South Africa ranks Phillips as 396th with 17,965 people. [8]

Ireland Migration of the Phillips family to Ireland

Some of the Phillips family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 109 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Phillips migration to the United States +

North America in the 1800s and 1900s saw the arrival of many Welsh people hoping to share in the wealth of land, work, and freedom that they felt North America held. Those who made the journey often attained those expectations, but only through an enormous amount of hard work, perseverance, and often a bout of good luck. These immigrants helped contribute to the growth of industry, commerce, and culture of both Canada and the United States. Discovered in the immigration and passenger lists were a number of people bearing the name Phillips:

Phillips Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Elinor and Henry Phillips who settled in Virginia in 1623
  • George Phillips, who settled in Salem, Massachusetts in 1630
  • Bartholmew Phillips, who landed in Maryland in 1637 [9]
  • Day Phillips, who landed in Virginia in 1648 [9]
  • Alice Phillips, who arrived in Maryland in 1648 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Phillips Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Anne Phillips, who landed in Virginia in 1704 [9]
  • Ellinor Phillips, who arrived in Virginia in 1706 [9]
  • Daniel Phillips, who arrived in Virginia in 1713 [9]
  • Elizabeth Phillips, who landed in Carolina in 1724 [9]
  • Edmund Phillips, who arrived in Virginia in 1741 [9]
Phillips Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Bernard Phillips, who arrived in Long Island in 1815 [9]
  • Grace Phillips, who landed in New York, NY in 1817 [9]
  • Alexander Lewis Phillips, who landed in New York in 1822 [9]
  • Mr. Thomas Phillips, (b. 1792), aged 40, British miner departing from Plymouth aboard the ship "Andromeda" arriving in the United States on 10th May 1832 [10]
  • Miss Elizabeth Phillips, (b. 1823), aged 9, British settler departing from Plymouth aboard the ship "Andromeda" arriving in the United States on 10th May 1832 [10]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Phillips Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Mr. Frank Phillips, (b. 1872), aged 28, Cornish miner travelling aboard the ship "New York" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 4th March 1900 en route to Vulcan, Michigan, USA [11]
  • Mr. Henry Phillips, (b. 1866), aged 35, Cornish miner, from Redruth, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Umbria" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 6th October 1901 en route to Red Jacket, Michigan, USA [11]
  • Mr. John Henry Phillips, (b. 1875), aged 28, Cornish clerk travelling aboard the ship "Philadelphia" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 19th September 1903 en route to New York, USA [11]
  • Mr. Thomas Wills Phillips, (b. 1881), aged 22, Cornish clerk travelling aboard the ship "Philadelphia" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 19th September 1903 en route to New York, USA [11]
  • Mr. Thomas Wills Phillips, (b. 1880), aged 23, Cornish clerk travelling aboard the ship "Philadelphia" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 10th October 1903 en route to Baltimore, Maryland, USA [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Phillips migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Phillips Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
Phillips Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Diana Phillips, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Eleonor Phillips, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Private. John Phillips U.E., (Philips) (b. 1757) born in Rhode Island, New York, USA from Kingsbury, Charlotte County, New York who arrived at Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1777, then he resettled in Chambly, Quebec in 1784 he enlisted in 1777 serving in Major Roger's command of the King's Rangers, married to Ann Burden in 1757 having 11 children, he died in Chambley, Quebec [13]
  • Mrs. Martha Phillips U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway, [Shelbourne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783 was passenger number 513 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on November 14, 1783 at East River, New York, USA [13]
  • Mr. Matthew Phillips U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Phillips Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • William Phillips, aged 21, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Leslie Gault" in 1833
  • John Phillips, aged 21, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Eleanor Gordon" in 1834
  • David Phillips, aged 35, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Condor" in 1838
  • Sally Phillips, aged 21, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Condor" in 1838
  • Robert Phillips, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Prudence" in 1838
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Phillips Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
  • Charles Phillips, who landed in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907

Australia Phillips migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Phillips Settlers in Australia in the 18th Century
  • Miss Mary Phillips, (b. 1761), aged 26, English convict who was convicted in Somersetshire, Taunton Assizes for 7 years for house breaking, transported aboard the "Charlotte" on 13th May 1787, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, she died in 1850 [14]
Phillips Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Miss Elizabeth Phillips, British Convict who was convicted in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [15]
  • Mr. George Phillips, British Convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [15]
  • Mr. William Phillips, British Convict who was convicted in Kent, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [15]
  • Miss. Bridget Phillips, Irish convict who was convicted in Dublin, Ireland for 7 years, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 29th November 1801, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, she died in 1811 when she was executed [16]
  • Miss Isabella Phillips, (Elizabeth), English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for life, transported aboard the "Broxbournebury" in January 1814, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [17]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Phillips migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Phillips Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Phillips, Australian settler travelling from Sydney aboard the ship "Bee" arriving in New Zealand in 1838 [18]
  • Mr. John Phillips, (b. 1805), aged 36, British labourer travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Lord William Bentinck" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 24th May 1841 [18]
  • Mrs. Catherine Phillips, (b. 1803), aged 38, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Lord William Bentinck" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 24th May 1841 [18]
  • Miss Fanny Phillips, (b. 1831), aged 10, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Lord William Bentinck" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 24th May 1841 [18]
  • Miss Emma Phillips, (b. 1833), aged 8, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Lord William Bentinck" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 24th May 1841 [18]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Phillips migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [19]
Phillips Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Mr. Thomas Phillips, (b. 1600), aged 35, British settler traveling aboard the ship "William and John" arriving in St Christopher (Saint Kitts) in 1635 [20]
  • Mr. William Phillips, (b. 1607), aged 28, British settler travelling from Gravesend, England aboard the ship "Falcon" arriving in Barbados in 1636 [21]
  • William Phillips, who settled in Barbados in 1670

Contemporary Notables of the name Phillips (post 1700) +

  • Don Phillips (1940-2021), American casting director and film producer, known for Dazed and Confused (1993), Fast Times at Ridgemont High (1982) and Melvin and Howard (1980)
  • Lanier W. Phillips (1923-2012), American survivor of the wreck of the USS Truxtun off the coast of Newfoundland, the first US Navy black sonar technician, awarded an honorary degree from Memorial University of Newfoundland in 2008 and the Order of Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Ramona Gail Phillips (1944-2021), née McIver, an American politician, 17th Speaker of the Alaska House of Representatives (1995-1999)
  • Loyd Phillips (1945-2020), American professional football player, inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame
  • Roger Jay Phillips (1940-2020), American geophysicist, planetary scientist, and professor emeritus at the Washington University in St. Louis
  • Jim W. Phillips Sr. (1931-2018), American politician, member of the North Carolina Senate from 1997 to 2001
  • Elizabeth D. "Betty" Phillips (1945-2017), née Capald, an American academic, provost and executive vice president of Arizona State University (2006-2013)
  • Norman Edwin "Ed" Phillips (1944-2017), American Major League Baseball middle relief pitcher who played for the Boston Red Sox during the 1970 season
  • James Dickson Phillips Jr. (1922-2017), American jurist, Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit (1994-2017)
  • David Phillips (1956-2017), American cinematographer, known for his work on The Basketball Diaries and Saturday Night Live
  • ... (Another 378 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. James Douglas Phillips (b. 1962), American Sergeant from Fort Campbell, Kentucky, USA who died in the crash [22]
  • Mr. Alvin Phillips (b. 1963), American Private from Oakaloosa, Iowa, USA who died in the crash [22]
  • Ms. Ruthie Phillips (b. 1959), American Flight attendant from New York, USA who died in the crash [22]
Empress of Ireland
  • Master Hubert Phillips (1903-1914), Canadian Third Class Passenger from Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [23]
  • Miss Ethel Phillips (1901-1914), Canadian Third Class Passenger from Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [23]
  • Mrs. Rachel Phillips (1860-1914), née Pass Canadian Third Class Passenger from Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [23]
HMAS Sydney II
HMS Cornwall
  • Rex Phillips (d. 1942), British Ordinary Seaman aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [25]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Ronald G Phillips (b. 1919), Scottish Paymaster Lieutenant (S) serving for the Royal Navy from Delhi, India, Moved to Edinburgh, Scotland, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [26]
  • Mr. Raymond T Phillips (b. 1920), English Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Carisbrooke, Isle of Wight, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [26]
  • Mr. Norman Phillips (b. 1917), English Stoker 2nd Class serving for the Royal Navy from Fleetwood, Lancashire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [26]
  • Mr. Lancelot J Phillips (b. 1912), English Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Newport, Isle of Wight, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [26]
  • Mr. Horace E Phillips (b. 1909), English Leading Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Birmingham, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [26]
  • ... (Another 1 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Sir Tom Spencer Vaughan Phillips (b. 1888), KCB, English Admiral from England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [27]
  • Mr. D Phillips, British Cook, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [27]
  • Mr. Phillips, British Petty Officer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [27]
  • Mr. Phillips, British Boy, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [27]
  • Mr. Phillips, British Chief Petty Officer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [27]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Leonard Phillips, British Leading Cook, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [28]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Walter G. Phillips, British Regulating Petty Officer with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [29]
Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)
  • Frederick Sandford Phillips (1961-1988), American Student from Little Rock, Arkansas, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [30]
Prince of Wales colliery
  • Mr. Thomas Phillips (b. 1844), Welsh coal miner who was working at the Prince of Wales Colliery in Abercarn, Wales on the 11th September 1878 when there was a coal mine explosion; he died [31]
  • Mr. William Phillips (b. 1862), Welsh coal miner who was working at the Prince of Wales Colliery in Abercarn, Wales on the 11th September 1878 when there was a coal mine explosion; he died [31]
  • Mr. Thomas Phillips (b. 1858), Welsh coal miner who was working at the Prince of Wales Colliery in Abercarn, Wales on the 11th September 1878 when there was a coal mine explosion; he died [31]
  • Mr. Thomas Phillips (b. 1857), Welsh coal miner who was working at the Prince of Wales Colliery in Abercarn, Wales on the 11th September 1878 when there was a coal mine explosion; he died [31]
  • Mr. Thomas Phillips (b. 1831), Welsh coal miner who was working at the Prince of Wales Colliery in Abercarn, Wales on the 11th September 1878 when there was a coal mine explosion; he died [31]
  • ... (Another 2 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Wallace Banta Phillips, American 1st Class Passenger from Brooklyn, New York, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 15 [32]
  • Miss Mary Phillips, English Stewardess from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [32]
  • Mr. William Phillips, Canadian 3rd Class passenger from Hillcrest, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [33]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Walter John Phillips (d. 1912), aged 35, English Storekeeper from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [34]
  • Mr. John George "Jack" Phillips, aged 25, English Telegraphist from Godalming, Surrey who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking by escaping in collapsible B but later died in the night [34]
  • Mr. A. George Phillips (d. 1912), aged 27, English Trimmer from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [34]
  • Mr. Escott Robert Phillips (d. 1912), aged 42, English Second Class passenger from Ilfracombe, Devon who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [34]
  • Miss Alice Frances Louisa Phillips, aged 21, English Second Class passenger from Ilfracombe, Devon who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping on life boat 12 [34]
  • ... (Another 1 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Senghenydd colliery
  • Mr. Thomas Phillips (b. 1885), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
  • Mr. William John Phillips (b. 1893), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died


The Phillips Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Ducit amor patriae
Motto Translation: Patriotism leads me.


Suggested Readings for the name Phillips +

  • Descendants of William and Elizabeth (Iser) Phillips of Columbiana County, Ohio By Rita Hineman Townsend.
  • Hatfield and Phillips Families of Eastern Kentucky and Southwestern Virginia by Harry Leon Sellards.

  1. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  2. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  3. ^ https://forebears.io/surnames/
  4. ^ The order of Common Surnames in 1955 in Newfoundland retrieved on 20th October 2021 (retrieved from Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland by E.R. Seary corrected edition ISBN 0-7735-1782-0)
  5. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  6. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  7. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  8. ^ https://forebears.io/south-africa/surnames
  9. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  10. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to New York 1820 - 1891 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_new_york_1820_1891.pdf
  11. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_ellis_island_1892_on.pdf
  12. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  13. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  14. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retrieved 4th February 2021, retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/charlotte)
  15. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 13th August 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/earl-cornwallis
  16. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th July 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/atlas
  17. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 3rd November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/broxbournebury
  18. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  19. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  20. ^ Pilgrim Ship's of 1600's (Retrieved October 4th 2021, retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  21. ^ Pilgrim Ship Lists Early 1600's retrieved 28th September 2021. (Retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  22. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  23. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  24. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  25. ^ Force Z Survivors Crew List HMS Cornwall (Retrieved 2018, February 13th) - Retrieved from https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listcornwallcrew.html#A
  26. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  27. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  28. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  29. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  30. ^ Pan Am Flight 103's victims: A list of those killed 25 years ago | syracuse.com. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/12/pan_am_flight_103s_victims_a_list_of_those_killed_25_years_ago.html
  31. ^ Entombed in flood and flame (retrieved 3rd August 2021). Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20120603025705/http://www.crosskeys.me.uk/history/prince.htm
  32. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  33. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  34. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html


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