England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Pernal family lived in Gloucestershire, where the family was found since the early Middle Ages.
Early Origins of the Pernal family
Gloucestershire where they held a family seat as Lords of the manor of Wickwar from very ancient times. Wickwar was shown in the Domesday Book in 1086, a census initiated by Duke William of Normandy after his conquest of England in 1066. The holder of Wickwar at this time is not known to us but we do know that the Queen gave the village to Humphrey the Chamberlain.
Early History of the Pernal family
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Pernal Spelling Variations
spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Purnel, Purnell, Pernel, Pernell and others.
Early Notables of the Pernal family (pre 1700)
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Migration of the Pernal family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Pernal or a variant listed above: John, Marg, and Richard Purnell who settled in Virginia in 1652; Thomas Purnell settled in Virginia in 1635; William Purnell settled in Barbados in 1685.
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