The Norman Conquest
in 1066 added many new elements to an already vibrant culture. Among these were thousands of new names. The Pension family lived in Devon
. Their name, however, is a reference to Mont-Pincon,
in Calvados, in the arrondissement of Lisieieux, Normandy
, the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest
Early Origins of the Pension family
The surname Pension was first found in Devon
where they held a family seat
anciently as Lords of the Manor. The name originally was the Norman Mont-pincon or pincun from the barony and castle in Normandy
Ralf de Montpincon was the Norman noble dapifer who was granted lands in Devon for his assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D. Meanwhile in Normandy, the head of the family, Hugh de Monte Pincon held the service of three knights from Montpincon Castle in 1172.
Migration of the family from Normandy to England continued for centuries as seen by Richard Pynson (died 1530) who was a Norman by birth, but was naturalized on 26 July 1513. He became a printer in London. "From his method of working it is clear that he learnt the art in Normandy, probably in the office of Guillaume le Talleur." CITATION[CLOSE]
Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
Burton Pynsent House is a historic country-house in the parish of Curry Rivel, Somerset. It was built in 1765 for William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, after he inherited the estate from Sir William Pynsent (1642-1719.) "It was the property of Sir William Pynsent, Bart., and, with other estates, was left by him to the great Earl of Chatham, in testimony of respect for his character." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print. Pynsent Column stands on Troy Hill, a spur of high ground about 700 m north-east of the house.
Early History of the Pension family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pension research.Another 99 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1094, 1642, 1719, 1689, 1679, 1765, 1765, 1790, 1859, 1818, 1864 and 1850 are included under the topic Early Pension History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Pension Spelling Variations
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Pinson, Pincon, Pinsent, Pensent, Pensons, Pinsons, Pinser, Pincer, Poinson, Poincon, Pynson, MontPinson, Montpinson, Mountpinzo, Mompesson, Pinsun, Montepinson, Montepesson, Montepinsun and many more.
Early Notables of the Pension family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir William Pynsent or Pinsent, 1st Baronet
(1642-1719), of Urchfont, Wiltshire
, an English politician, Member of the Parliament for Devizes in 1689; and his son, Sir William Pynsent, 2nd Baronet
(c.1679-1765)an English politician, Member of the Parliament for Taunton, unfortunately the title... Another 50 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pension Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Pension family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Pension or a variant listed above: William Pinsen who settled in Virginia in 1623; Joseph Pinson who settled in Virginia in 1663; Roger Pinson settled in Jamaica in 1665; Samuel Pinson settled in Barbados in 1685.