in southwestern England
provides the original birthplace of the surname Pengilley. As populations grew, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic
names, the Cornish predominantly used local
surnames. This was due to the heavy political and cultural influence of the English upon the Cornish People
at the time that surnames first came into use. Local
surnames were derived from where a person lived, held land, or was born. While many Cornish surnames of this sort appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames derived from lost or unrecorded place names. The name Pengilley history began in Cornwall
, at the manor of Pengelly.
The family claim descent from "an estate in the parish of St. Neot in Cornwall, anciently the property of the family." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print. CITATION[CLOSE]
Barber, Henry, British Family Names London: Elliot Stock, 62 Paternoster Row, 1894. Print.
Literally the place name means "the head of the grove," from "pen-gilly, -gelly. CITATION[CLOSE]
Charnock, Richard, Stephen, Ludus Patronymicus of The Etymology of Curious Surnames. London: Trubner & Co., 60 Paternoster Row, 1868. Print.
"There is a hamlet of the name in St. Teath. The Pengellys are now mostly found around Penzance, and the Pengillys around Helston." CITATION[CLOSE]
Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
Early Origins of the Pengilley family
The surname Pengilley was first found in Cornwall
at Pengelly (Cornish: Penn-gelli), a hamlet now part of the village of Delabole.
The first record of the family was found here: John (de) Pengelly in 1297. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
Early History of the Pengilley family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pengilley research.Another 124 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1650, 1696, 1675, 1730, 1722, 1727 and 1726 are included under the topic Early Pengilley History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Pengilley Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations
often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall
and the rest of England
. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic
language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Pengelly, Pengley, Pengelley and others.
Early Notables of the Pengilley family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Thomas Pengelly ( fl.
c.1650-1696), a wealthy British merchant who traded with the Eastern Mediterranean and the Atlantic Seaboard; he owned property in the East End of London, as well as... Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pengilley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Pengilley family to Ireland
Some of the Pengilley family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 156 words (11 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Pengilley family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Pengilley Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Samuel Pengilley, aged 32, a miner, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Hooghly" CITATION[CLOSE]
South Australian Register Wednesday 21st February 1855. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Rodney 1855. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/rodney1855.shtml
- John Pengilley, aged 30, a carpenter, who arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship "Nugget" CITATION[CLOSE]
South Australian Register. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Nugget 1858. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/nugget1858.shtml.