Cornwall, a rugged coastal region in southwestern England. Quite distinct from Devon, the adjoining county, Cornwall had its own spoken language until the late 18th century. The Pengillay history began here. The manner in which hereditary surnames arose is interesting. Local surnames were derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic names, the Cornish predominantly used local surnames. The Pengillay family originally lived in Cornwall, at the manor of Pengelly.
Early Origins of the Pengillay family
Cornwall at Pengelly (Cornish: Penn-gelli), a hamlet now part of the village of Delabole.
Early History of the Pengillay family
Another 125 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1650, 1696, 1675, 1730, 1722, 1727 and 1726 are included under the topic Early Pengillay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Pengillay Spelling Variations
spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Pengelly, Pengley, Pengelley and others.
Early Notables of the Pengillay family (pre 1700)
fl. c.1650-1696), a wealthy British merchant who traded with the Eastern Mediterranean and the Atlantic Seaboard; he owned property in the East End of London, as well...
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Migration of the Pengillay family to the New World and Oceana
Discovered in the immigration and passenger lists were a number of people bearing the name Pengillay: Richard Pengelly settled in Philadelphia in 1858; John Pengley settled in Barstable Massachusetts in 1822.
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