Penerday is an ancient Norman name that arrived in England
after the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Penerday family lived in Hertfordshire
. The name, however, is a reference to Pabode, Normandy
, the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest
in 1066. It has also been suggested that Peabody began as a nickname
which marked a person by some physical characteristic, but, while this does seem probable, no convincing etymological derivation has been discovered to support this idea.
Early Origins of the Penerday family
The surname Penerday was first found in Hertfordshire
, but we must take a moment to pass on a rather ridiculous origin of the name that this author agrees is rather 'far-fetched.' "The same as Paybody. Dixon derived it from Pae-body, 'one as handsome as a pae or peacock!' This is far-fetched enough for the ordinary belief, but Mr. Arthur goes much further, in deducing the lineage of the name from one Boadie, a kinsman of Queen Boadices, who escaped into Wales
, and there got the name of Pea, or mountain, prefixed to his name !!" CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
After that distraction, we must seriously explore the origin of the distinguished name. "Pabode held a fief from the see of Durham, temp. William I. He was probably of Flemish origin. Henry Pappede held this fief 1165 and from him descended the family of Pappady, Pabody or Peabody, from which [descend] the celebrated philanthropist of the name." CITATION[CLOSE]
The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
Early History of the Penerday family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Penerday research.Another 169 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 108 and 1086 are included under the topic Early Penerday History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Penerday Spelling Variations
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Peabody, Paybody and others.
Early Notables of the Penerday family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Penerday Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Penerday family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Penerday or a variant listed above: Francis Peabody settled in Hampton in New Hampshire
in 1630; Lieutenant Francis Peabody settled in Topsfield in Massachusetts; George Peabody settled in Philadelphia.
The Penerday Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Murus aeneus consienta sana
Motto Translation: A sound conscience is a wall of brass.